Are you a dairy farm owner who wants to keep your cows healthy and happy? Looking for the best medicines to keep on hand in case of an emergency? You’re in the right place! In this blog post, we’ll discuss the necessary medicines every dairy farm should have on hand.
Antibiotics are medicines used to fight infections caused by bacteria. They are commonly used in animal agriculture for growth promotion, treatment of sick animals, and prophylactic (preventative) purposes. On dairy farms, antibiotics can be used to treat conditions such as mastitis, metritis, respiratory disease, and foot diseases. Some of the most common antibiotics used include oxytetracycline, penicillin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole drugs. The length of time that an antibiotic is prescribed depends on the pathogen causing the infection; benzylpenicillin may be prescribed for 3-5 days depending on the pathogen.
Consumers may be willing to buy milk from cows treated with antibiotics only when medically necessary. Updated each year, a manual and accompanying pocket guide detail which antibiotics and other drugs are approved for treatment on dairy farms. Farmers often prefer medicines that give them ‘quick results’ according to pharmacists.
Analgesics are medications used to treat pain. They work by blocking certain chemical pathways in the body that send pain signals to the brain. Analgesics are used for both acute and chronic pain, including post-operative, dental, and musculoskeletal pain. Common types of analgesics include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids, and corticosteroids. NSAIDs reduce inflammation as well as providing analgesia while opioids work directly on the nervous system to reduce pain. Corticosteroids are often prescribed for long-term use because their effects last longer than other types of analgesics. Different types of analgesics can be used together to provide a more effective treatment plan for severe or chronic pain conditions.
Anti-inflammatory drugs are an important part of animal health and welfare on dairy farms. These drugs, often referred to as NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs), are used to treat painful conditions such as mastitis, relieve post-operative pain, and reduce the size of tumors in dogs. Examples of commonly used NSAIDs include flunixin meglumine (FLUNIFLAM) and meloxicam. Flunixin meglumine is a cyclooxygenase inhibitor which helps reduce inflammation while meloxicam is not approved by the FDA for use in food animals. The use of these drugs can have great benefits for farmers such as reducing the need for additional doses when treating painful conditions. In addition, research has shown that ketoprofen and meloxicam can improve markers of SI and energy metabolism in dairy herds. It is important to always consult with a veterinarian before administering any type of anti-inflammatory drug to ensure it is being used safely and effectively.
Vaccines for Cattle Diseases
Cattle diseases can be prevented through the use of vaccines. Vaccines help protect cows from illnesses such as bovine viral diarrhea, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, and parainfluenza. Other common cattle diseases that can be prevented with vaccines include clostridial diseases (blackleg and tetanus), leptospirosis (5 varieties), and botulism. Vaccinating cows 2-6 weeks before calving is recommended for maximum protection of young calves. Vaccination programs need to be tailored to the particular herd in order to provide the best protection against disease. By vaccinating their animals, farmers can help protect their herds from potentially deadly illnesses while also improving animal health and welfare.
Parasite Control Products
Parasite control is an important part of keeping livestock healthy and productive. Parasites can cause a variety of problems, from decreased feed efficiency to poor health and even death in extreme cases. Fortunately, there are a number of products available that can help keep parasites under control.
Parasite control products come in a variety of forms, including pour-on macrocyclic lactones (ML) anthelmintics, paste and injectable anthelmintics, drench and pour-on formulations, bolus medications and feed additives. These products are used to treat gastrointestinal parasites such as worms, flukes and coccidia as well as external parasites like ticks, lice and flies.
A well-planned parasite control program should include strategic deworming at the start of grazing season. This will reduce the risk of animals becoming heavily infected with parasites before they are treated. Proper grazing management techniques such as rotating pastures or removing animals from pastures after heavy rainfall will also help reduce the spread of parasites between animals. Fenbendazole is available in “lick block” form for use with pastured cattle or sheep that cannot be removed from the pasture for treatment.
In addition to controlling parasites with drugs, there are other methods that can be used such as using resistant breeds or improving nutrition so the animal’s immune system is better able to fight off infection by itself. It’s important to consult your veterinarian when selecting parasite control products so you can choose the right product for your situation.
Fly Repellents and Insecticides
Fly repellents and insecticides are essential for the health and safety of dairy farms. Flies can spread deadly diseases such as cattle fever, anaplasmosis, encephalitis, anthrax, and filariasis. To protect your livestock from these diseases, it is important to have effective fly control programs in place. This includes regular sanitation practices as well as timely applications of insecticides and repellents. Insecticide dusts, sprays, pour-ons, feed additives and insecticide impregnated ear tags can be used to help reduce fly populations around your farm. Additionally, self-treatment with coumaphos or other insecticides can also be applied to animals in order to kill lice, horn flies, black flies and face flies. Finally, trials with Vectoclor and Cypertraz have shown success in keeping tsetse flies away from treated cattle. Through a combination of cleanliness practices and timely use of insecticides or acaricides, you can enjoy a healthy dairy farm free from annoying pest infestations!
Minerals and Vitamins Supplements
Minerals and vitamins are essential nutrients for dairy cattle. They help the cows to stay healthy and improve milk production. Minerals like calcium, phosphorus, sodium, chlorine, magnesium, and potassium are required by the cows to keep their bones strong and ensure they remain productive. Vitamins and trace elements play a vital role in providing energy to the cows and supporting metabolic processes in their bodies. To ensure that your cows get all of the nutrients they need for optimal milk production, it is important to provide them with a balanced diet of forages and concentrates as well as mineral and vitamin supplements. Multivor injections are often used to add extra vitamins and minerals into the cow’s diet. Additionally, it is important to regularly monitor your herd’s mineral status so that any deficiencies can be addressed quickly. By providing your dairy cows with the minerals and vitamins they need you can help promote better health and increased milk production on your farm!
Dewormers are an important part of keeping dairy cattle healthy and productive. By regularly administering worming medicines to adult and younger animals, farmers can reduce the risk of illnesses caused by parasites. There are three main types of dewormers: benzimidazoles, macrocyclic lactones, and white dewormers. Each type works differently to kill or expel worms in cattle. It is important to choose the right type of dewormer for your particular situation, as well as following guidelines like not treating cattle within 48 days of slaughter or using in female dairy cattle of breeding age or veal calves. Additionally, Oxfendazole (Synonthic) is a new wormer that is effective against intestinal parasites including tapeworms, with a unique delivery system that has been shown to be more efficient than traditional methods. Deworming dairy cattle is one of the most important causes of morbidity prevention and can have positive effects on milk qualities such as solid non-fat, lactose, solid percentage and total protein levels. Therefore, it is essential for all dairy farmers to make sure they use the right kind of dewormer at the right time in order to keep their cows healthy and productive.
Mineral Oil Lubricants and Greases
Mineral oil is an important lubricant used in a variety of applications. It has been approved for use in livestock production for topical use and as an internal lubricant. Mineral oil is often used as an enema to unblock the digestive system and as a mild laxative to help lubricate the intestinal tract. Compounded oils are normally based on mineral oils or synthetic hydrocarbons, with fatty acids, fatty esters, and other additives providing boundary lubrication properties. Mineral oil can also be used to soften dry skin and is compliant with the Food and Drug Administration’s regulations. It is recommended for veterinary use only and should be kept out of reach of children. Due to its excellent lubricating properties, mineral-oil-based lubricants are commonly used for multipurpose applications.
Antiulcer medications are a type of drug used to treat ulcers and other gastrointestinal issues. These drugs work by reducing the amount of acid in the stomach, which helps to relieve symptoms such as heartburn, indigestion, and abdominal pain. Commonly used antiulcer medications include antacids, H2 receptor antagonists, sucralfate, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Antacids such as aluminium or magnesium hydroxide can be taken orally or given intravenously to reduce stomach acid levels. H2 blockers like cimetidine are also available to reduce stomach acid levels and prevent ulcers from forming. Sucralfate works by covering the ulcer site with a protective layer that prevents further damage. NSAIDs are often used to provide pain relief for animals suffering from conditions such as metritis or mastitis. Herbal remedies like extract from Solanum nigrum L fruits have also been shown to have antiulcer properties in some cases. While these medications are effective in treating ulcers and other digestive issues, it is important to note that they should be used responsibly and not as a substitute for antibiotics when treating bacterial infections.
Corticosteroids to Treat Mastitis
Corticosteroids are a commonly used treatment for mastitis, an inflammation of the mammary glands in cows. Corticosteroids can be administered intramammarily (directly into the udder) or as injectable drugs. Intramammary preparations typically contain one or more antibiotics and often also a corticosteroid to reduce pain and inflammation. NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are also used to treat mastitis, especially in cases where the pain is severe and/or recurring. High doses of corticosteroids should be avoided as they may pose risks to the cow’s health. The use of antibiotics, NSAIDs and corticosteroids is widely accepted as a safe and effective way to manage mastitis in dairy herds.
Stomach Protectors (Antiulcerants)
Stomach protectors, also known as antiulcerants, are medications used to treat stomach and gastrointestinal disorders. They work by decreasing the amount of acid produced in the stomach and protecting the stomach lining from irritation or damage. Commonly prescribed antiulcerants include omeprazole, ranitidine, famotidine, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole and rabeprazole. These medicines can be used to treat conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), peptic ulcers, heartburn and indigestion. Antiulcerants are available in both over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription strength varieties. OTC antiulcerants should only be taken for a short period of time while prescription strength antiulcerants may be taken for longer periods of time depending on the severity of your condition. Side effects associated with antiulcerant use include headaches, dizziness, fatigue and nausea. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions when taking these medications.
Calcium Channel Blockers
Calcium channel blockers are a type of medication used to treat high blood pressure, heart rhythm problems, and other conditions. They work by preventing calcium from entering the cells of the heart and blood vessels, which helps to relax the vessels and reduce pressure. Calcium channel blockers can also be used to treat other conditions such as migraines, Raynaud’s phenomenon (a condition where the fingers and toes become cold and numb), and certain types of tremors. Side effects may include dizziness, swelling in your ankles or feet, constipation, nausea, or stomach pain. Talk to your doctor if you are considering using calcium channel blockers.
Antimicrobial agents are drugs used to treat bacterial, viral, and/or fungal infections in animals, including dairy cows. The most commonly used antimicrobial drugs on dairy farms are β lactams, oxytetracycline, penicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and cephalosporins. Antiparasitic drugs may also be used.
Dairy farmers should follow established protocols for appropriate use of antibiotics to ensure the long-term effectiveness of these drugs in fighting infections. This includes following drug withdrawal periods so that milk produced from treated cows is safe for human consumption. Microbiological diagnosis is usually recommended before initiating antibiotic treatment for intramammary infections.
It’s important to note that antimicrobials are only one component of a comprehensive animal health program on dairy farms – other measures such as good hygiene practices and vaccinations can help reduce the need for antibiotics in dairy herds.
Antiprotozoal drugs are medications used to treat infections caused by protozoa. These single-celled organisms can cause a variety of diseases, including malaria, amebiasis and giardiasis. Antiprotozoal drugs work by attacking the protozoa and killing them or stopping them from reproducing.
The most commonly used antiprotozoal drugs include diminazene diaceturate, amprolium, sulfa drugs and tinidazole. Diminazene diaceturate is often used to treat trypanosomiasis in cattle, while amprolium is used as a preventative measure for coccidiosis in chickens and other poultry. Sulfa drugs are typically used to treat giardiasis in humans, as well as urinary tract infections in animals. Tinidazole is also effective against protozoal infections such as trichomonas infection and giardiasis.
It’s important to note that not all antiprotozoal drugs are approved for use in all animals or humans. Therefore it’s important to talk with your veterinarian before giving any medication to your pet or livestock animal. In addition, it’s important to be aware that traces of these medications may end up in dairy products if they are given to cows or other dairy animals; this could have an adverse effect on human health if consumed, so it’s important to properly dispose of unused medications according to the instructions given by the manufacturer or veterinarian.
|Inj. Pri-dolcam(Meloxicam)||درد بخار کےلئے|
|Inj. Maxin(Fluixin Meglumin)||درد کے لئے|
|Inj. Aceclovetz(Acelofenac)||بخار اتارنے کے لئے|
|Inj. ENFOCIN(Enrofloxacin)||ہلکے بخار اور نمونیہ کے لئے|
|Inj. GENCINE(Gentamicin)||نمونیہ اور گھل گھوٹو کے لئے|
|Inj. Cefur(Ceftifur)||نمونیہ اور گھل گھوٹو کے لئے|
|Inj. Penbiotic||زخم اور ہلکے انفیکشن کے لئے|
|Inj. Almox LA(Amoxicillin)||چھڈیوں والے ساڑو کے لئے|
|Inj. Sulzine 48%(Trimethoprim.Strepto)||میٹھے ساڑو کے لئے|
|Inj. Combipen(Penicillin/Strepto)||زخم، ڈائریا اور دیگر انفیکشن کے لئے|
|Inj. Isocin(Tylosin)||کھانسی اور نمونیہ کے لئے|
|Inj. Xylax||سن(بے ہوش) کرنے کے لئے|
|Inj. Atrovit(Atropine)||زہر خورانی کو کنٹرول کرنے کے لئے|
|Inj. Betnesol||سانس کی رکاوٹ دور کرنے کے لئے|
|Inj. Decadron||نمونیہ اور گھل گھوٹو میں ایمرجنسی کے لئے|
|Inj. Myored||پیٹ کے درد کے لئے|
|Inj. Hepagen||اپھارہ اور خوراک کے زہریلے اثرات کے لئے|
|Inj. Furovetz(Frusemide)||پیشاب جاری کرنے کے لئے|
|Inj. Diamenazine||زہر باد اور پروٹو زوا کے انفیکشن کے لئے|
|Inj. Milfon C||سو تک اور کیلشیم کی کمی کے لئے|
|Oral Carminative Mixtrure||ہاضمے کے لئے|
|Oral Scournil||پیچش کے لئے|