Many people may not even realize this, but dairy cows do not milk all of the time. cows produce milk after they’ve had a baby, and they can make milk for several months after giving birth, including after the calf has been weaned off milk is eating grass, hay, or grain. So the cows are given a broken sort of like a vacation. During this break, they will produce milk and they’ll prepare to have another calf. This rest time for the cows is referred to Continue Reading
Cows have first domesticated somewhere around 10,000 years ago. In that time, humans have selectively bred them for specific qualities. And sometimes those qualities are extraordinary. In this article, we have listed 10 of the more visually amazing breeds of cattle from around the world. Here we go. Continue Reading
I’m going to tell you about cow rearing for-profit cow is a very useful domestic animal dairy cows are reared exclusively to produce milk. In this session, we will learn the selection of breed of cows how to feed cows for more milk, the clearing of cows, calves here and the management of pregnant cows housing. So, first, let’s talk about the selection of cow breed. Proper selection is the first and most important step that is adopted in dairy animals should be selected according to the climate, the animal should be selected based on its breed characters. Production of animals also varies within a breed. Other factors affecting milk production are the age of the animal frequency of milking, management, type of nutrition, environment, stage of pregnancy etc.
milk production capacity, disease resistance, physical resistance, adaptability and heat tolerance, temperament and dairy disposition so the spirit breed of cows in India indigenous high milk yielding breeds in India include read Cindy Sahiba and give exotic or foreign breeds of cows include jersey, Holstein Frazier, and browns with Indian breeds of cows with high milk yielding capacity and linear lactation period across with bullets of exotic breeds to upgrade the quality of Indian breeds high milk yielding cows the blood through crossbreeding are currents with a Frazier, the fellows in India by feathers or the melt animals, which provide us with a large amount of milk. Buffalo milk is the largest source of milk in India. Mora a high yielding breed of a fellow from Punjab and Haryana yields 26 to 30 litres of milk per day Mehsana from khasra yields up to 15 to 20 litres of milk every day. Other high milk yielding varieties includes jofra body nearly Nagpur and sooty.
How to Feed cows for more milk. proper food and nutrition are important for the well being of milk animals. The food given to the animal is called a feed. The feed contains all the components essential for growth and development. animal feed comprises roughage and concentrates the food of the cow determines the quality and quantity of milk produced. It is important that the farmer meets the nutritional requirements of a dairy cow by providing adequate rations. For a healthy and productive cow feed, Russia must have a balance of quantity, quality protein, minerals and vitamins. A refers to coarse, fibrous substances with low nutrient content in the animal feed. Animals get referred from substances such as strong green fodder, stylage, and legumes. fodder is a heavy fodder that is full of energy and protein. It is concentrated in foods that are low in fiber and are rich in nutrients.
It is rich in carbohydrates, fats, protein, vitamins, minerals, grains, seeds, sweets, bran, rice bran, alfalfa and alfalfa and provides all essential nutrients. Dairy animals also require adjectives comprising non-nutritive material, For example, disease-fighting antibiotics and growth hormones. These substances are added to feed to increase the growth and production of animal milk and to protect against disease. These are important for high milk production in dairy cows. A dairy cow should consume 15 to 20 kg afforded daily caring of cows and carts. It is important to pay attention to the health and hygiene status of the cows and calves. keep them clean and dry. Cows need many dairy components to stay healthy. high yielding dairy cows require high amounts of protein such as mixed wheat feed, alfalfa, and other protein supplements. They also require salts and minerals.
Feed them well in the morning with all nutritious foods. Sitting in the shelter all day weakens their bowls. They should be left in the open ground twice a day, as it keeps them active. Maintaining cows and good and medium weight is very important to ensure their health. Please jute bags over the cow shed in winter. provide fresh and clean water to your animals during all seasons. Consult the wet for advice. It is recommended to us as cows once every two months. Good foods ensure good health and maximum production. Always try to provide an adequate quantity of high quality and nutritious food to cows. Greens help to maximise milk production. add as many greens as possible to regular feed make a grazing place for your cows. dairy cows require more water than any other animal. Their milk contains a large amount of water.
Generally, a dairy cow needs about five litres of water to produce one litre of milk. breeding of cows the ability to detect heat cycles among your cows and heifers is invaluable if you want to ensure your herd’s reproductive performance. Failure to detect when cows are in heat and breeding cows that aren’t and heat is a major contributor to low fertility and economic loss for producers. recognising signs of heat first standing to be mounted, mounting other vowels, mucus discharge, swelling and reddening of the Whirlpool billowing restlessness and trailing, rubbed, tail head hair and 30 flats, chin resting and back rubbing, sniffing and licking, care and management of pregnant counts. taking good care and proper management is the main step to succeed in any animal husbandry business.
If you realise them on time, management of good care of pregnant animals will yield good carbs and high milk yield. immunise girls against diseases. There should be a separate shelter room for pregnant comes. Feed quality feeds good quality of leguminous feed still Further, wheat bran, oats and lizard oil seeds provide calcium supplements. special care should be taken about mineral and vitamin deficiencies, as they can cause serious adverse effects on the newly born calf. The animal should neither be lean nor fat. Water should be provided for drinking at frequent intervals to not allow them to fight with other animals. a wider slippery condition that causes fractures, dislocations, etc.
Housing to keep the cows healthy, productive and free from diseases good habitat is very important with proper ventilation system and ensure adequate flow of fresh air and light inside the house. A concrete house is very suitable for God’s proper drainage of rainwater should be arranged to maintain a healthy environment. A lot of water is required for farm operations such as washing, farming, processing of milk etc. A continuous water supply is essential electricity must be available on the shed. farms should be away from the noise-producing factory or chemical industry. industrial waste materials in the form of gaseous or liquid can pollute the surrounding resources
Raising livestock can be challenging. Even with the best management, animals can become sick. Knowing when you have a healthy animal is easy. They’re bright, alert, responsive to their environment, have a shiny hair coat and a good appetite. But do you know when your animals not doing well? Do you know when you should call your veterinarian? Hi, I’m Dr Lisa Lowen. Extension veterinarian for the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Knowing your animal’s normal behaviour and vital signs are an important step in knowing when they’re healthy or not healthy. It’s also crucial that you have a good working relationship with a local veterinarian that can come out when you need them to assess your animal.
Together, you guys can put together a great working relationship for good herd health and overall productivity and longevity of your herd. How do you know if your animals are sick? Generally speaking, anytime their behaviour is off, you should investigate. Ask yourself, are they separating themselves away from the rest of the herd. animals that are sick spend a lot of time by themselves, they may not come up to the feed bunk to eat, they may be seeking solitude in the woods. So you need to check those animals out. Also, look at their general appearance in terms of cleanliness. animals that are not feeling well spend a lot of time lying down, and they may have their flanks covered with dirt and manure. And if they’re the only animal in the herd that looks like that. It’s a good indication that they’re not feeling well. If you have an animal that cannot stand and their recumbent that needs immediate veterinary attention.
Similarly, if you’re seeing any neurologic signs of the animal laying on its side and paddling its legs. If it’s having a seizure, or if it appears blind, you should contact your veterinarian for advice. Also if you have an animal that can stand, but it’s non-weight bearing on one limb that requires immediate attention because there’s a serious lameness issue going on. Eating and drinking is an important part of overall animal health. But sometimes when you have animals out on pasture, you may not know if they’ve been eating. Luckily for us, ruminants have designed an easy way for us to tell. If you go to the left side of the animal, there’s a little triangular area called the parallel lumbar fossa. And we’ve outlined this with some tape.
It starts at the last rib goes across to the hip bone, and then forms a nice little triangle, the rumen or the big large fermentation, that compartment of the stomach lies directly below this parallel lumbar fossa. If the animal has been eating, there’ll be food in the rumen. And this parallel bar fossa will be distended to about the level of the last rib. If the animal has not been eating, this area will become sunken and there will be a very visible triangular indent in the side of the animal. Now again, this is on the left side because that’s where the rumen is on the body. If you notice that your animal has this triangular indent pushed greatly out and they’re having trouble breathing.
That indicates that we’ve got a condition called rumen bloat where there’s too much gas accumulating in that room, and that’s a medical emergency and you need to call your veterinarian right away. So when in doubt, if you’re not sure if your animals have been eating, look at the triangular area of the parallel lumbar fossa. And that will tell you animals that are not drinking enough soon become dehydrated. And as an owner, there’s an easy way for you to check to see if your animals becoming dehydrated. If we grab the skin on the neck and retract it, just pull it gently and let go. It should bounce right back to its normal position. If the skin stays tented after you pull it, that indicates that the animals are dehydrated. You can also do this over the eye and grab the skin over the eye and it should bounce right back.
And then with ruminant animals, animals that chew their cud, there’s also a special thing that happens with them. When they become severely dehydrated, the eye will retract away from the skull and kind of sink back into the head. Some farmers refer to this as being sunken eyes. So if you see that the eyeball itself is sinking back into the skull, that’s a sign of severe dehydration and your veterinarian should be contacted so that fluids can be administered to your animal. It’s always important to monitor urination and defecation in the animals. If you have a male animal and you observe them stretching out with their back legs behind them straining to urinate, you may or may not see urine actually dripping from the previews. But if it’s not a full constant stream of urine, that’s a problem that indicates that they have some sort of urinary tract obstruction and they need immediate medical attention because without it, their bladder will continue to fill with urine and it can potentially rupture. In terms of desiccation. It depends on what kind of ruminant you have. For sheep and goats. They have pelleted faeces and it should remain a normal pellet.
If the pellet becomes loose, clumped or watery diarrhoea That’s a big problem for cattle if it becomes projectile diarrhoea most definitely a problem that warrants having your veterinarian come out. If it’s looser than normal manure, and the animals losing a lot of weight, again, that indicates that you need to contact your veterinarian for an investigative workup. Pneumonia can be a common problem in farm animals. One way that you can tell if your animals having some respiratory issues is to take their respiratory rate. If you stand back and watch their chest move, each time that it moves will count as one respiration. Count that for a minute, and that will give you the respiratory rate. If you go to our website, we will have listings of all the different vital signs including respiratory rates for all the different farm animal species.
Another part of looking to see if your animals having respiratory problems is to check out their nose. A normal healthy animal will have a small amount of clear moisture around both nostrils. And the animal will also be licking their nose a lot to keep them clean farm animals like to keep food and dirt off of their nose. So if you see a lot of feet stuck to the nose, if you see thick mucus coming out or blood coming out, that indicates that you have some sort of respiratory problem and your veterinarian should be contacted so that they can work up the issue for you. One of the best things you can do as an owner is to get the vital signs of your animal before you call your veterinarian. That gives them a better idea of what may be going on before they come to your farm.
We talked about how you can get the respirations of the animal by counting the chest movements. The other thing you can do is to take a rectal temperature using a regular digital thermometer inserted into the rectum. When it beeps, pull it out, read the temperature and record it on a piece of paper. You can also get the heart rate back here, there’s an artery that runs in the middle of the tail. So if you put your hand about the level of the rectum, let your fingers fall into a natural groove that falls in the middle of the tail, wrap your thumb around just to help hold your fingers in place. And then gently put a little bit of pressure and count for 30 seconds or 15 seconds to get the heart rate per minute.
If you have trouble because the cow moving its tail too much, or they’re a little bit nervous having you hold it, you can also get the heart rate by listening to the heart. To do that, you’re going to need a stethoscope and you can buy an inexpensive, inexpensive stethoscope online or you may be able to buy one at your local Co Op. The heart is located behind the elbow of the animal. So you find the elbow at the top of the leg. And you’re going to take the headpiece of the stethoscope and press it deep underneath that elbow and hold it in place and again count for 15 seconds or 30 and you’ll be able to get the heart rate. You want to make sure that you tuck this in deep because if you don’t, you’re not going to hear the heart.
So once you get it in there, and you hear the rhythmic beating of the heart, again counting for 15 or 30 seconds, get the heart rate recorded, and then you’ll have some good information to give your veterinarian.
گائے بھینس کی گرمی کا توڑ۔۔۔
کیا آپ کی گائے یا بھینس گرمی کرتی ھے اور چارہ کھانا کم کردیتی ھے
تو یہ نسخہ ضرور استعمال کریں بار بار آزمایا ھوا ھے
تین پاو دودھ کو ابال کر نیم گرم کر لیں اور اس میں ایک پاو پیاز باریک کتر کر ڈال دیں اور اسے جاگ لگا کر دھی جمالیں
دھی جمنے کے بعد اس میں ایک پاو شکر اور ایک پاو سرسوں کا تیل ملا کر مدھانی چلا کر لسی بنالیں
یہ نسخہ دو جانوروں کے لیے ھے
متواتر ایک ھفتہ استعمال کریں
جانور گرمی نہیں منائیں گے انشاء اللہ دودھ کی پیداوار میں زبردست اضافہ ھوگا۔۔۔
شکر دو سو گرام
تخم ملنگا سو گرام
سب چیزوں کو پانچ سے چھ لیٹر پانی میں حل کرنا ہے حل کرکے یہ پانی جانور کو پلا دینا ہے
یہ نسخہ 7 سے 10 دن تک استعمال کریں
ان کو سرسوں کا تیل بھی دے سکتے ہیں لیکن اس میں یہ احتیاط کرنی ہے دو سو گرام سے زیادہ جانور کو نہ دیں یہ اتنا ہی تیل جانور ہضم کر سکتا ہے اس سے زیادہ تیل جانور ہضم نہیں کر پائے گا تو وہ ضائع ہوگا اور آپ کے پیسے بھی ضائع ہو جائیں گے
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