Bakra Mandi in Punjab Pakistan FAQ

Are you planning a trip to Punjab Pakistan and want to experience the unique culture and vibrant colors of the local bakra mandi? Look no further! We’ve got all your questions answered in this blog post. From what to expect when visiting, to tips for getting the best deals – we cover it all!

What is Bakra Mandi?

Bakra Mandi is a district in Punjab, Pakistan which is located a little south of Islamabad, the country’s capital. It is renowned for its sacrificial animals market, where vendors from all over the country come to buy and sell animals ahead of the Eid-ul-Azha festival. The market offers a wide variety of animal breeds such as cows, goats, bulls, and camels at competitive prices.

Where is Bakra Mandi Located?

A: Bakra Mandi is located in all major cities of Pakistan but some are small in size and others are larger in size it depends on your area, you can visit bakra mandi at your closer place.

When Does Bakra Mandi Open?

When does Bakra Mandi open? Bakra Mandi typically operates from Monday to Sunday from 8am to 5pm. The timings may change during the Eid al-Adha season, so it is best to check with local vendors for more precise timings.

What is the Cost of Animals in Bakra Mandi?

The cost of animals at Bakra Mandi can vary widely depending on the breed, size and quality of the animal. There are usually different price ranges for each animal, and prices may be negotiable depending on the seller. It is important to compare prices between different vendors in order to get the best deals. You can also find great deals online through various online bakra mandi websites.

What is the Procedure to Buy Animals from Bakra Mandi?

What documents are required to buy animals from Bakra Mandi?

Are there any restrictions on the number of animals I can buy?

Can I purchase animals online from Bakra Mandi?

Is there any special permit required to enter Bakra Mandi?

Are There Any Special Rules and Regulations at Bakra Mandi?

Are there any special rules and regulations at Bakra Mandi? Yes, there are special rules and regulations in place to ensure the safety of everyone at Bakra Mandi. All visitors must wear masks and practice social distancing while shopping. Animals are not allowed to be slaughtered in the Mandi. You must also bring your own utensils, such as knives and buckets, to use when buying animals.

What Types of Animal Breeds Can I Find at Bakra Mandi?

What type of animals are typically available at Bakra Mandi?

At Bakra Mandi, you can find a variety of animals such as cows, goats, bulls, camels and sheep. Different breeds of these animals are available in the market, so you can find the perfect one for your needs.

What Are the Benefits of Visiting Bakra Mandi?

What are the benefits of visiting Bakra Mandi?

Visiting the Bakra Mandi in Punjab, Pakistan has many benefits. Not only can you find the best quality animals for sacrifice, but you can also get great deals on them. You can also find a variety of animal breeds to choose from, along with expert advice on how to care for them. Additionally, there are special rules and regulations in place to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience for all visitors. Finally, you can enjoy the unique culture and atmosphere of the local area, as well as take part in the lively market activities.

Do I Need to Bring My Own Utensils to Bakra Mandi?

Do I Need to Bring My Own Utensils to Bakra Mandi?
No, you do not need to bring your own utensils to Bakra Mandi. There are vendors at the market who provide utensils for a small fee. However, if you do wish to bring your own utensils, you are more than welcome to do so.

How Can I Find the Best Deals at Bakra Mandi?

Are there any discounts available at Bakra Mandi?

What kind of payment methods are accepted at Bakra Mandi?

Are there any online platforms where I can purchase animals from Bakra Mandi?

Cholistani Bull in Pakistan

Are you looking for a unique breed of cattle? Do you want to know more about the majestic Cholistani Bull? If so, then this blog post is for you! Learn all about this hardy and beautiful breed, from its origins in the Thar Desert to its many uses today.

Introduction to Cholistani Bull

The Cholistani Bull is an indigenous breed of cattle found in the Cholistan Desert region, which spans the Punjab province in Pakistan and India. This breed is used primarily for dairy production, owing to its large stature and excellent milk-producing capabilities. Cholistani Bulls are characterized by their speckled red, black or brown body, often referred to as ‘flea-bitten’ by the nomads of Cholistan. They have a muscular frame and a thick neck, with a black switch of the tail, giving them a distinctive look. Cholistanis are known to be hardy animals, able to withstand harsh desert climates and long journeys. They are also known for their gentle temperament and loyalty, making them ideal working animals.

Origin of the Cholistani Bull

The origin of the Cholistani Bull dates back to the Cholistan Desert area in Punjab, Pakistan and India. This breed of cattle is renowned for its speckled red, black and brown body, which earned it the name ‘flea-bitten’ by the nomads of Cholistan. The switch of the tail is usually black, giving the breed a distinct and eye-catching look. Cholistani Bulls are known for their strength and hardiness, and are used for a variety of purposes including dairy production and meat production. They are also used as working animals, as they are able to carry heavy loads with ease and have a high resistance to disease and extreme weather conditions.

Characteristics of the Cholistani Bull

The Cholistani bull is a large, strong breed of cattle which originated in the Cholistan desert area of Pakistan and India. It has a distinctive speckled red, black or brown body which makes it easily recognisable and has earned it the nickname ‘flea-bitten’. The tail switch is usually black and the horns are curved and slightly twisted, giving this breed an impressive appearance. The Cholistani bull is a hardy breed capable of living in harsh environmental conditions and is known for its high productivity in milk production and working capability.

Structure and Physical Characteristics

The Cholistani bull is a medium sized animal, with an average length of around 130-140 cm and a average height of around 90-100 cm. They have a red, black or brown speckled body which is why they are referred to as ‘flea-bitten’ by the nomads of Cholistan. The switch of their tail is usually black and their horns are curved and range from 15 to 20 cm in length. The Cholistani bull has a large and muscular body, with well-developed shoulders, legs and chest. They also have strong hooves which enable them to walk through rough terrain with ease. On average, the weight of a mature bull ranges from 240 kg to 500 kg.

Reproduction and Growth of the Cholistani Bull

The Cholistani Bull is a hardy and strong breed. They are known for their exceptional fertility and ability to produce offspring with high disease resistance and growth rate. These bulls have a short gestation period of about 270 to 300 days. The calves are born relatively large, weighing around 30 to 40 kilograms. The growth of the bull is quite rapid and the age of maturity is between 2 to 3 years. The bulls can grow up to a height of 140 cm and a weight of around 500 kilograms. They are well adapted to hot climates and require minimal resources for their maintenance and health. These animals show a great deal of resilience and can tolerate harsh climates, low-nutrition diets, and long hours of work with ease.

Temperament and Behavioural Patterns

The Cholistani Bull is a docile and gentle animal by nature. They are strong and hardy animals, able to adapt to a wide variety of climates and terrain. They are alert and responsive to external stimuli, but not aggressive in temperament. Cholistani Bulls are known for their intelligence and willingness to learn, making them ideal working animals. Furthermore, these Bulls possess a high capacity for learning and are known to be loyal and trusting animals, making them popular among farmers.

Uses of the Cholistani Bull

The Cholistani bull is primarily used for dairy production, meat production and as a working animal. It is an important breed in the agricultural sector in Pakistan and India due to its unique characteristics.

In terms of dairy production, the Cholistani bull produces a high milk yield compared to other breeds. The milk is of good quality and has a high butterfat content. The breed is also used for meat production, as it produces lean, tender and flavourful meat.

In terms of work animals, the Cholistani bull is a strong and hardy animal that can be used for ploughing and other agricultural tasks. The breed is also used in the transport sector to haul goods and materials.

The Cholistani bull is also used in breeding programs to conserve and improve the breed. Cross-breeding with other breeds has resulted in higher milk yields and better meat quality.

Dairy Products

The Cholistani bull is renowned for its dairy production capabilities. It is a hardy breed that can produce high yields of milk, even in harsh climates and terrains. It is known to produce high-quality milk that is rich in fat and protein. The milk produced by this breed has a high market value and can be used to make a variety of dairy products such as butter, cheese, yogurt, and more. The Cholistani bull is also used to produce A2 milk, which is said to have numerous health benefits. This breed of bull is also highly valued for its disease-resistant capabilities, making it an ideal choice for dairy production.

Meat Production

The Cholistani Bull is a Zebu breed of Pakistan and India primarily used for meat production. The breed is characterized by its speckled red, black or brown body, which is why it has been termed as ‘flea-bitten’ by the nomads of Cholistan. The Cholistani Bull is a large breed that is quite hardy and can withstand harsh climates. It has a thick coat, long horns and powerful legs, making it an ideal breed for meat production. The breed has a good muscle structure and is known for its excellent marbling and tenderness of the meat.

The Cholistani Bull produces excellent quality beef and is widely accepted in the market. It is also used for draught work in some areas. The breed is well-suited for the hot climates in Pakistan and India and can survive on low-quality feed. The Cholistani Bull has good fertility rates and high growth rates, making them suitable for meat production.

In recent years, the Cholistani Bull has become increasingly popular in the international market due to its excellent quality beef and easy adaptation to various climates. This has led to an increase in demand for the breed, leading to more efficient breeding programs for conservation and improvement of the breed.

Working Animals

The Cholistani bull is a strong and sturdy breed that can be used for various agricultural purposes, such as pulling carts, ploughing and hauling goods. They are known for their hardworking attitude, which makes them ideal for farm work. The bulls are also popular as riding animals, as they are docile and well-behaved. The Cholistani bull is also known to be quite intelligent and easily trained, meaning they can be used for a variety of tasks on the farm.

Diet of the Cholistani Bull

The Cholistani is a hardy animal that can adapt to extreme environmental conditions such as the desert environment it originates from. Its diet consists mainly of grasses, hay, grains, and other plant-based sources. It is able to survive without access to water for up to four days, due to its ability to store water in its body. The Cholistani bull is also known to graze on brush and shrubs for sustenance, making it an ideal animal for grazing in locations with limited vegetation. The breed is also able to adapt to different climates and regions, making it an ideal choice for a wide range of agricultural settings. The Cholistani bull is also known to consume fruits and vegetables as supplement food sources, providing it with extra nutrients and minerals necessary for its development.

Feeding Habits

The Cholistani bull is a hardy animal, adapted to survive in harsh desert conditions. In its natural habitat, it is mainly grazer, feeding on grasses and other vegetation found in the desert. The breed is also capable of foraging for food and making use of available resources. They can survive on minimal food and water, but need to be fed hay and grains during the winter months when vegetation is scarce. The Cholistani bull needs to be supplemented with mineral salts and water throughout the year to ensure its health and proper nutrition. The breed is also known to consume small amounts of shrubs, tree leaves, and fruits.

Breeding Programs for Conservation & Improvement

Cholistani bulls are an important part of the local culture in Pakistan and India. To ensure their survival and conservation, various breeding programs have been created. These programs provide farmers with resources to improve the genetics of the breed and increase milk production. The genes of the Cholistani bulls are also used to create crossbreds, which further improve milk production and meat quality. Moreover, research is ongoing to further improve the health, productivity and milk production of these animals. Additionally, various government organizations are actively involved in providing training about animal husbandry and breeding practices for the farmers, which helps them in better management and increased productivity of these bulls.

History & Cultural Significance of the Breed

The Cholistani bull has a long and illustrious history in the Indo-Pak region. Originating from the Cholistan Desert area, it has been used as a dairy cow by the nomadic people of the region for centuries. The breed is also renowned for its hardiness and ability to thrive in difficult conditions. It is also highly valued for its milk production, with its milk having a rich creamy texture and high fat content. The breed is also used for meat production and as a working animal for agricultural purposes. Today, the Cholistani bull is still prized as a symbol of strength and resilience in the region and is highly sought after in both Pakistan and India.

     – Representation in Literature &

The Cholistani bull has been featured in many literary works, from poems to novels. The breed has also been featured in folklore, with stories of their strength and loyalty often told by the nomads of Cholistan. The Cholistani bull is a powerful symbol of the region, representing the hard-working people who have long relied on them for their livelihood. The breed is a source of pride for many local Pakistani and Indian communities, who have worked hard to maintain their unique characteristics and qualities.

Cholistani is a Zebu breed of Pakistan

Calling all animal-lovers! Have you ever heard of Cholistani? It’s a magnificent breed of Zebu cattle native to Pakistan and it’s becoming increasingly popular. In this blog post, we’ll explore the history and characteristics of this beautiful breed and learn why it should be included in your farm or ranch.

Origin and History of the Cholistani Breed

The Cholistani breed of cattle originated from the Cholistan Desert area in Bahawalpur, Pakistan. It is a zebu (Bos indicus) or humped breed of cattle of Indian origin just like other zebu cattle. This breed of cattle is found mainly in the Cholistan Desert, but also in other areas of Pakistan. The Cholistani breed is known for its hardiness and ability to survive in harsh climatic conditions.

The indigenous cattle of Pakistan belong to zebu (one-humped) breeds (Bos indicus), comprising of 10 Zebu breeds, such as Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Cholistani, Tharparkar, Dajal, Dhanni, Rojhan, Lohani, etc. At present, the population of cattle in our country is 41.2 million nos.

The Cholistani breed is mostly used for dairy production. This breed is known for its high milk yield and heat tolerance. They are usually speckled red and have a unique set of characteristics that make them well-suited for dairy production. The prevalence of T. annulata in Cholistani cattle from Livestock Farm, Jugaitpeer, Bahawalpur, Pakistan has also been reported.

Characteristics of the Cholistani Breed

The Cholistani breed of cattle is a zebu (Bos indicus) or humped breed of cattle of Indian origin, similar to other zebu cattle. They have a speckled red coloration and are usually found in the Cholistan Desert area of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. This breed is primarily used for dairy production and are known for their high milk yield. Data on 18 biometric traits of 325 lactating Cholistani cows of 4-6 years age were recorded and showed that the prevalence of T. annulata in Cholistani cattle from this region was relatively high. This breed is known for their hardiness, adaptability to a variety of climates, and resistance to disease. They are also known for their docile temperaments and are usually very affectionate and gentle with their owners.

Uses of the Cholistani Breed

The Cholistani breed is primarily used in dairy production, as well as for draft work and beef production. They are known to be hardy and disease-resistant, making them ideal for harsh climates. Cholistani cows are also popular as show animals, due to their unique coloration and physical characteristics. This breed is also used in cross-breeding programs, to create hardy, disease-resistant crossbreeds that can be used for a variety of purposes.

Anatomy and Physical Appearance

The Cholistani breed of cattle is a zebu or humped breed of cattle of Indian origin, just like other zebu cattle. It is characterized by a large and deep body, with a wide chest and strong legs. It has a slightly convex back as well as a sloping rump. The neck is strong and well-muscled, while the head is medium-sized and slightly dished. The ears are of medium length, while the horns are short and curved. The coat of the Cholistani breed is usually speckled red, with white patches on the neck and belly. The average height of the Cholistani breed is around 120 cm, while its average weight is between 400-500 kg.

Temperament of the Cholistani Breed

The Cholistani breed of cattle is generally known to be quite docile and friendly, making them an ideal choice for those who are looking for a pet cow. They are also known to be highly adaptable to changes in their environment and they don’t require a lot of maintenance. In addition, they are relatively easy to train and so can make great companions for children. They are also very tolerant of other animals, making them great livestock for farms. All in all, the Cholistani breed is known for its gentle, docile nature and is sure to bring joy to any home.

Health Care and Feeding Requirements

The Cholistani breed is a healthy and hearty animal, however, they do require some special care. It is important to provide your Cholistani with a balanced diet that consists of hay, grains and other high-quality feeds. You should also monitor your pet’s health regularly and make sure they are up to date on all vaccinations. Additionally, regular hoof trimming and parasite control is essential for your Cholistani’s wellbeing. With proper health care and nutrition, your Cholistani can live a long and healthy life.

Grooming Needs for the Cholistani Breed

The Cholistani is a hardy breed, able to withstand extreme temperatures and conditions. They do not require a great deal of grooming, making them an ideal choice for those looking for an easy-care breed. They are low-shedding and have short, sleek coats that do not require frequent brushing or bathing. When it comes to hoof trimming, the Cholistani should be trimmed every 6-8 weeks to keep their hooves healthy and in good condition. It is also important to check their ears and eyes regularly for signs of infection or irritation.

Average Life Span and Size

The Cholistani cattle is a hardy breed and can live an average of 15-20 years. The average weight of an adult Cholistani bull is 900-1000 kg and the average weight of an adult Cholistani cow is 500-600 kg. This breed is known to have good growth rate, with a mature bull reaching its full size at 2-3 years of age and a mature cow reaching its full size at 1-2 years of age.

Potential Problems with the Cholistani Breed

The Cholistani breed is generally a healthy and hardy breed, but like any other breed, it can be prone to certain health issues. This includes diseases such as tuberculosis, foot-and-mouth disease, and dermatophytosis. It is important to have your pet checked by a veterinarian to ensure they are in good health and to detect any potential problems. Additionally, the Cholistani breed is also prone to parasites and parasitic diseases due to its desert environment. Therefore, it is important to provide regular deworming treatments and to monitor your pet for any signs of illness or parasites. Finally, the Cholistani breed can be prone to obesity due to its sedentary lifestyle and lack of exercise, so it is important to provide a healthy diet and plenty of opportunities for physical activity.

Advantages of Owning a Cholistani

The Cholistani breed is an excellent choice for those seeking a multi-purpose animal, as these animals are used for a variety of purposes. In terms of dairy production, Cholistanis produce a high quality and volume of milk, making them a great choice for those wanting to raise cows for milk production. They are also an excellent choice for beef production, as their meat is highly prized and has a unique flavor. Additionally, Cholistanis are hardy animals that can thrive in harsh conditions, making them well-suited to life in the desert climate of the Cholistan region. Furthermore, they are known to be very intelligent and docile animals, making them easy to train and handle. With proper care and attention, Cholistani cows can provide years of loyal service and companionship.

How to Find a Reputable Breeder

Finding the right breeder for your new pet can be a daunting task. It is important to do your research and make sure you are getting a healthy and well-socialized animal. The best way to find a reputable breeder is by asking around. Talk to previous customers, veterinarians, and other experts in the field to get an idea of who they would recommend. You should also look into the breeder’s reputation online. Many breeders have websites that list the health records of their animals and provide contact information.

When visiting a breeder, make sure to ask plenty of questions. Find out if the animals are raised in a clean environment and given proper veterinary care. Ask to see the animal’s parents if possible, and also ask about the animal’s diet and exercise needs. Finally, make sure that you get a health guarantee from the breeder before taking your new pet home.

Things to Consider Before Buying a Cholistani

Before deciding to get a Cholistani, there are certain things to consider. Firstly, Cholistani is a Zebu breed of cattle and are best suited for dairy production. They are usually speckled red, and originated from the Cholistan Desert area of Punjab in Pakistan and India. This means that they will require a lot of space to roam and graze, as well as additional feed and care to keep them healthy and productive.

In addition to this, Cholistani cattle have a moderate temperament, but can be aggressive if not handled properly. They require regular grooming and health care, such as regular vaccinations and deworming, to stay healthy.

Finally, the average life span of a Cholistani is 7 to 10 years, so it is important to bear in mind that you will be responsible for the care of this animal for many years to come. It is therefore important to take the time to research and purchase your Cholistani from a reputable breeder.

Training Tips for Your New Pet

Training your new Cholistani pet is essential to ensure a successful and enjoyable relationship between you and your pet. As with any breed, a Cholistani will require patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement to learn new commands and behaviors. Start training your Cholistani as soon as you bring them home, so they can learn the rules of your home and become comfortable in their new environment. Establish yourself as the leader of the pack by giving clear commands and rewarding good behaviors such as sitting on command or coming when called. Be sure to keep training sessions short and fun for both of you, and avoid punishing or scolding your pet, as this can lead to negative associations with training. With patience and consistency, your Cholistani will soon understand the rules of your home and be a loyal companion for years to come.

Activities to Enjoy with Your Pet

The Cholistani breed is an active and intelligent animal, making them great companions for outdoor activities. These cattle are known to be quite curious and enjoy learning new things, so they can be trained to do a variety of tasks. From leading a pack of horses, to herding other animals, to carrying supplies on a mountain trek, these animals are sure to be up for the challenge. They are also great for playing games and can be trained to follow commands. With their intelligence and curiosity, the possibilities for activities with your pet Cholistani are endless.

Conclusion

The Cholistani breed of cattle is a zebu, or one-humped breed (Bos indicus) that originated from the Cholistan Desert area of Punjab in Pakistan and India. They are primarily used in dairy production and are characterized by their speckled red coloration. They possess 18 biometric traits and have great potential for both productive and reproductive purposes. Cholistani cows are hardy, intelligent, and easy to manage, making them a great choice for those looking for a healthy and reliable breed. With proper care and attention, they can provide years of companionship and enjoyment.

Cholistani Bull

Do you want to learn more about the famous Cholistani Bull? Wondering where this breed originates from and what makes it so special? In this blog post, we’ll explore the history and traits of this majestic bull, as well as why it has become so popular. Read on to find out more!

Introduction to Cholistani Bull

This study aimed to analyze the sexual behavioral attributes of young and adult Cholistani breeding bulls. A pilot study was conducted to assess various hematologic parameters in five adult Cholistani breeding bulls aged between three and six years old. The Cholistani breed of cattle is a Zebu (Bos indicus) or humped breed of Indian origin which has remarkable potential for rearing. The approach used to obtain development in the livestock of evaluating Cholistani service bulls was based on their serum testosterone profile, orchidometry, seminal attributes, coat color, and other physical and biochemical attributes of semen.

The results of the study revealed that the serum testosterone levels were higher in adult bulls compared to young bulls. Additionally, coat color proved to be a good indicator for assessing a bull’s age. Moreover, orchidometry measurements suggest that the testicular size increased with age in both groups. Finally, seminal attributes such as sperm motility and concentration were found to be higher in adult bulls compared to young ones.

Overall, this study provides valuable insight into the sexual behavioral characteristics of young and adult Cholistani breeding bulls which can be used for selection purposes by livestock farmers. Furthermore, findings from this research may also provide useful information for future studies examining semen quality parameters in other breeds of cattle.

Origin of Cholistani Bull

The Cholistani breed of cattle is a Zebu type of Bos indicus originating from the Cholistan Desert located in the southern part of Punjab, Pakistan and Rajasthan, India. These animals are large-sized and flabby and are primarily used for dairy production. A study was conducted to evaluate these service bulls on the basis of their postthaw semen quality and freezability. The haematological profile of adult Cholistani breeding bulls was also revisited. It was found that Cholistani AI bulls have a tendency to maintain good semen quality during freezing and biochemical attributes. Brown/white spotted Cholistani bulls can be seen in fields with forest edges as their background scenery. This breed is a major source of livestock in Pakistan, making it an important animal for the country’s economy.

Characteristics of Cholistani Bull

The Cholistani cattle are a medium-sized breed of cattle found mainly in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India. Distinctive features of this breed include their white coat with brown or black spots, and their large hump on the back which is a characteristic they share with Dhanni Cattle. They are usually speckled red, brown or black.

Recent studies have revealed that Cholistani service bulls tend to maintain most of their haematochemical parameters at a stable level. A pilot study conducted to assess various haematological parameters in five adult Cholistani breeding bulls aged 5-11 years showed that the characteristics of fresh semen included ejaculatory volume, mass activity, individual sperm motility and sperm concentration. Performance traits for this indigenous cattle breed can be evaluated by assessing these parameters.

Feeding Habits of Cholistani Bull

The present study was conducted with the objective of evaluating Cholistani service bulls on the basis of their postthaw semen quality and freezability. Cholistani bulls, commonly known as Achhami bulls, are used for breeding in the Cholistan Desert of Pakistan. In order to measure sexual behavior in these animals, serum testosterone level was measured and associated with semen quality and freezability. The average testosterone concentration of Cholistani AI bulls at age 5-11 was 6.9±0.3 ng/mL. Their paired testicular volume and scrotal circumference were 16.91±0.70 cm³ and 7.05±0.35 cm respectively. Furthermore, a recent shift in weather patterns around this region has led to the introduction of a floor for feeding and drinking, which is believed to have improved the health of these animals and their semen quality significantly (Affandhy et al., 2012). This study provides important insights into semen quality and freezability in Cholistani breeding bulls by providing information about their sexual behavior through testosterone measurements as well as other associated semen parameters such as motility, morphology, etc.

Uses and Benefits of Cholistani Bull

The Cholistani is a multi-purpose breed of cattle, used for both meat and dairy production, as well as a draft animal. It is a Zebu or Bos taurus breed, and is considered to be an ancestor of the Sahiwal. It is a thermo-tolerant and tick-resistant breed.

The aim of recent studies has been to assess the haematochemical profile of adult Cholistani service bulls (n = 16). Additionally, ethno-veterinary medicinal usage of flora from Greater Cholistani Ablak has been investigated.

There are many advantages to breeding bulls like this. Cattle farming provides fresh milk for dairy products, manure for crops, and there are numerous schemes that use genomic selection to exploit the merits of the dam as well as the bull. In Punjab on Eid-ul-Adha, most humped bulls available are Zebu breeds such as Sahiwal, Cholistani, Red Sindhi and Thari. In addition to these animals, it is possible to purchase cows and black polled bulls in pairs.

Breeding and Reproduction of Cholistani Bull

Cholistani cattle are a thermo-tolerant, tick-resistant Zebu (Bos indicus) breed of Indian origin with remarkable potential. On average, Cholistani bulls weigh 450 to 500 kg and cows 350 to 400 kg. A recent pilot study was conducted to assess various haematologic parameters in five adult Cholistani breeding bulls aged 5 -11 years at a breeding centre. Additionally, the aim of another study was to assess haematochemical profile of 16 adult Cholistani service bulls being reared at the Semen Production Centre.

To further understand the productive and reproductive traits of Cholistani cows, research has been directed towards assessing the reproductive profile of Cholistani bulls being reared for semen collection/breeding. A time-lined study is needed to analyze sexual behavioral attributes of young and adult Cholistani breeding bulls as well as the effect of seasons on post thaw fertility of their semen samples.

Health and Care for the Cholistani Bull

This study aimed to assess the haematochemical profile of adult Cholistani service bulls. A pilot study was conducted with five breeding bulls aged 5-11 years at a Semen Production Unit in Karaniwala, Bahawalpur, Pakistan. The Cholistani breed is a humped Indian cattle (Bos indicus) which has potential for improved performance in dairy and beef production. Results showed that the Cholistani service bulls maintained most of their haematochemical parameters within normal ranges. Additionally, an approach was taken to measure sexual behaviour in these bulls and its association with serum testosterone levels. Environmental factors are known to affect the performance traits of Sahiwal cattle, and this could also be true for the Cholistani breed.

Challenges for the Conservation of the Breed

Cholistani Cattle are an important breed of cattle, which are believed to be the ancestors of the popular Sahiwal breed. This breed is known for its thermo-tolerance and tick-resistance, making it ideal for breeding and preservation. To ensure the continued success of this breed, breeding bulls have been provided in order to improve the quality of the cattle. A preliminary study has been conducted to investigate semen quality and freezability of Cholistani breeding bulls. In addition, a haematologic profile revisited of adult Cholistani bulls has been done as a model.

In Pakistan, there are three established indigenous breeds of dairy cattle: Sahiwal, Red Sindhi and Cholistani. These breeds are well adapted to both hot and cold climate conditions and have proven to be beneficial in terms of milk production and other agricultural activities. Fogera cattle are another type of indigenous breed found in Northern Pakistan which can tolerate hot temperatures better than Cholistani cows during summertime.

To improve reproductive performance among these breeds, a workshop was held with national consultants focusing on evaluating breeding bulls and semen quality. This workshop was intended to help strengthen the established indigenous dairy cattle breeds such as Sahiwal, Red Sindhi and Cholistani for continued success in terms of milk production as well as other agricultural activities.

Differences between Dairy Cattle Breeds

Cattle producers have begun to crossbreed their polled Aberdeen-Angus cow herds with Shorthorn bulls. This is becoming increasingly popular, as it can produce a range of desirable traits in the resulting offspring. To ensure that these breeds remain viable, development and conservation efforts are underway in their respective home-tracts, focusing on breeds such as Sahiwal, Cholistani and Dhanni. These efforts aim to protect traditional dairy cattle breeds and maintain their health and integrity.

Comparison Between Wild Buffalo and Domestic Cattle Breeds

Wild cattle have been domesticated for thousands of years, and today, five species of these animals exist. Notably, the aurochs is one of the most recognizable species and is easily distinguishable from its domesticated counterparts. While bulls and cows of the aurochs are similar in size, they differ in coloration, with bulls being darker than cows. Bulls also typically have larger horns than cows.

Role in Cultural Events & Festivals

Factual data shows that the number of people living in poverty has been steadily decreasing over the past decade. This is great news, as it means more and more people have access to basic needs such as food, shelter, and healthcare. This decrease in poverty is due in part to increased access to education, improved economic opportunities, and increased access to social services. It is also a result of governments around the world committing to reducing poverty by increasing minimum wages and providing safety nets for those most vulnerable. With continued efforts from all levels of society, we can continue to reduce poverty and ensure everyone has the opportunity to live a life of dignity and prosperity.

Economic Value of the Breed in Local Communities

Cholistani cattle are a thermo-tolerant and tick-resistant breed, believed to be ancestors of the Sahiwal. A pilot study was conducted to assess haematological parameters in five adult Cholistani breeding bulls, aged 5-11 years. The aim of the present study was to adjust the lifetime net merit for dual-purpose German Black Pied cattle breed (DSN), taking into account both beef production and socio-economic factors.

Cholistani is a Zebu (Bos indicus) breed of Indian origin, highly valued in local pastoral systems as a vital socio-economic asset. This economic value is evaluated on bull calves only, but it is important to take into account additional traits that may be beneficial. To enhance the socio-economic status of livestock farmers in Cholistan, the provision of breeding bulls has been proposed as one way to improve the breed.

Current Status and Future Prospects

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Conclusion

This study evaluated the post-thaw sexual behavior attributes and serum testosterone levels of Cholistani service bulls. Through a pilot study, various haematological parameters in five adult Cholistani breeding bulls aged more than five years were also assessed. The results indicated that Cholistani service bulls tend to maintain their haematochemical parameters in stable conditions.

The present study also examined the semen quality and freezability of Cholistani breeding bulls. It was found that B. indicus had diverged from B. taurus, suggesting greater genetic diversity within this breed compared to other cattle breeds. Additionally, physic-chemical attributes of Cholistani bull semen were better in stressful seasons as compared to stress-free ones. Lastly, the serum testosterone level in black-spotted Cholistani bulls was 6.9 ± 0.3 ng/mL, confirming that this breed is highly adapted to local climate and environmental conditions in Pakistan.