Black and White Cow Breeds

Are you looking to add some new cows to your farm? If so, then this blog post is for you! We’re here to help you find the perfect breed for your needs. We’ve rounded up some of the best black and white cow breeds out there, from traditional Holsteins to newer crosses. Read on to learn more about these amazing animals!


The Holstein is a breed of dairy cattle originating from the Netherlands and Northern Germany. Holsteins are known for their distinctive black and white markings and are the most popular dairy cows in the United States, accounting for around 90% of all dairy cows. Holsteins have large bodies, usually weighing between 1,500-1,800 pounds. They are also long-lived animals with productive lifespans of 6 years or more.

Holstein cows were originally bred to be dual-purpose animals, meaning they were used both for milk production and beef production. Today they are primarily used as dairy cows due to their ability to produce large amounts of milk. On average, a single Holstein cow can produce up to 7 gallons of milk each day! This makes them an ideal choice for commercial dairies looking to maximize their output.

In addition to their use as dairy cows, Holsteins also make great show animals. Their unique black and white patterns make them stand out from other breeds in shows and competitions. The breed has even been recognized by the American Dairy Association with its own official certification program – the ‘Holstein USA Official Certification Program’.

Whether you’re looking for a reliable source of high quality milk or an eye catching show animal – the Holstein is a great option!


The Jersey is a small dairy cow originating from the British Channel Islands. As one of the three Channel Island breeds, it is renowned for its high production of milk and butterfat. The Jersey breed has been imported to other parts of the world, and its popularity continues to grow due to its adaptability to various farm systems and efficient, sustainable performance.

The Jersey has a black and white coat which makes it easily recognizable among other breeds. It is one of the few black and white dairy cow breeds due to its rarity in comparison with brown or red cows. The color combination makes this breed even more desirable as a source for milk production.

As far as temperament goes, Jerseys are known for their docile nature which makes them easy to manage. Despite their small stature, they are incredibly productive cows that can produce up to 18 liters of milk per day! It also helps that they have relatively short gestation periods compared to other dairy cows, allowing them a quicker turnaround between births.

Overall, Jerseys are an excellent choice for any farmer looking for high-quality milk production while still being able to handle other farm duties such as plowing or herding cattle on pastures. Their docile nature coupled with their efficient performance make them an ideal addition to any farming operation!


The Guernsey is a beautiful breed of dairy cattle hailing from the island of Guernsey in the Channel Islands. They come in a variety of colors, ranging from yellow to reddish-brown with white patches. They have an even temperament and are not known for being nervous or irritable. In addition, their light coat color makes them particularly well-suited to tolerate heat.

The Guernsey has a rich history on the islands, where it was developed over centuries as part of its unique environment. Thanks to its golden milk, full of beta carotene, the breed is known as “The Royal Breed” and is highly sought after for its delicate aesthetic qualities and pleasant disposition.

In terms of size, Guernseys are larger than Jerseys and produce milk that is quite pronounced in flavor and aroma. Nationally they can be found all over with their highest populations located in Wisconsin and Michigan.


The Ayrshire is a Scottish breed of dairy cattle that originated in the county of Ayr and is named after it. The breed is known for its red and white color pattern, with the red ranging from a light orange to a dark mahogany. Its horns are distinctive, lyre-shaped and the body color can vary from almost pure white to nearly all cherry red or brown with any combination of colors, including black or brindle.

Ayrshires are hardy animals that are well adapted to living on hilly terrain and can easily adjust to different climates. They have good feet and legs which make them great for long-distance travel. They also tend to be docile animals which makes them easy to handle in the dairy barns.

In terms of milk production, Ayrshires are known for their high butterfat content which makes their milk especially rich and creamy. They produce an average of 5500–7000 kilograms (12000–15500 pounds) of milk per lactation period with 4% butterfat content in their milk.

Ayrshires have become popular in many countries due to their reliability as milk producers, good temperament, ease of management and attractive appearance.

Milking Shorthorn

The Milking Shorthorn is a breed of dairy cattle originating from the northeast part of England. They are easily recognizable due to their distinctive color pattern of black and white or red. Milking Shorthorns are known for being efficient grazers that are easy to manage, which may be why they became world-renowned as an excellent dairy breed. The Whitebred Shorthorn, which was developed to cross with black Galloway cattle, is a type of Shorthorn bred to be consistently white. They are also referred to as the “Aristocrat” of the dairy breeds due their size and vigor, as well as their ability to adapt easily to their environment. All in all, it’s no wonder they have become such a popular choice for dairy farmers around the world!

Brown Swiss

The Brown Swiss cattle breed is one of the oldest dairy breeds in the world, originating in the Swiss Alps. This breed is a light brown color with a creamy white muzzle and dark nose, and distinctive dark-blue eye pigmentation. Brown Swiss cows are known for their docility and milking ability, making them a popular choice among dairy farmers. They are also known to be hardy and long-lived, able to survive in harsher climates than other breeds. The breed has also been taken to high mountain pastures during summer months, where they can graze freely while providing milk for the local population. The Brown Swiss is an excellent choice for both dairy production and as a dual purpose animal for meat production.

Red and White Holstein

Red and White Holsteins are a beautiful breed of cattle with a distinctive red and white spotted markings. They are large in frame, weighing up to 1,400 pounds in maturity. They have black and white or red and white color patterns which make them easily recognizable. Their origin is from the region of Friesland and Northern Germany, where they were first bred as dairy cows. Red and White Holsteins are known for their high milk production, making them one of the most popular dairy cow breeds in the world today. They also have strong genetics from other cattle varieties with reddish coats like Milking Shorthorns, making them hardy animals that can thrive in numerous climates. This makes them a great choice for farms looking to diversify their herd!

Fleckvieh Swiss Mountain Cow

Fleckvieh Swiss Mountain Cow is a breed of dual-purpose cattle believed to have originated in Central Europe during the 19th century. It is a cross between different breeds of domestic cattle, such as the Simmental and Fleckvieh, and produces an especially large volume of milk. This breed has a reddish or black coat with a white star on its forehead, making it easily recognizable. Fleckvieh Swiss Mountain Cows are well-suited for both milk and meat production, making them an ideal choice for farmers looking to diversify their herd. They are also highly sought after due to their hardy nature and ability to thrive in high altitudes. With its gentle temperament and efficient production capabilities, Fleckvieh Swiss Mountain Cows are sure to provide great value for any farm or ranch.

White Park Cattle

White Park Cattle is a rare breed of ancient horned cattle that primarily reside in Great Britain. They are mostly white with black or red points, such as the ears, nose and eyes. The American White Park is a large breed with an average weight of 1000 pounds for cows and bulls between. This breed has distinctive wide-spreading horns which are usually black-tipped.

White Park cattle have been bred in Britain for more than two thousand years and is an important part of British agricultural history. They produce delicious beef and also used for milk production. Their upper portion of the tongue should be black while underneath is white.

If you’re looking for a unique black and white cow breed, consider the Holstein-Friesian! This prolific breed hails from Friesland and northern Holland, known for its “white park” color pattern with its white coat accompanied by black or red eye rings, ears, nose, feet, and more. It’s one of the most popular dairy breeds used around the world but can also be used to produce beef as well.

Limousin Cow

The Limousin Cow is an ancient breed of cattle that developed in central France in the province of Limousin. It was initially bred for draught and beef production under pastoral conditions, but has since become popular for crossbreeding. These cows are large, light-colored animals, typically with white or cream coloring and light hair with dark pigmented skin. They can also be black, yellow, white or dun in color and have horns. Limousins with black genetics may show a variation in color as well. Calves can be light fawn or brown in color graduating to a darker shade as they age. Popularly known as “Oreo cattle” due to their black coloration with a white stripe through their middles, this breed is often featured prominently in children’s books and TV ads due to its attractive markings.


Angus is a breed of black, polled beef cattle originating in northeastern Scotland. Also known internationally as Aberdeen Angus, they were developed in the early 19th century from both polled and predominantly black horned breeds. Angus cattle are popular for their meat production due to their high-quality marbling, making them ideal for beef products such as steak. They are also easy to manage and have good fertility rates. The breed can come in either black or red varieties, but the majority of Angus cattle are black. With their gentle temperament and hardy nature, Angus is often a preferred breed for ranchers around the world.


The Charolais is a French breed of taurine beef cattle that originated in the Charolais area surrounding Charolais, France. It is known for its large size and sturdy frame, making it an ideal choice for meat production and draft work. Charolais are typically white in color, although some strains may be black or red. This breed is also popularly used as a crossbreeding partner to give other cattle breeds better growth rate and higher quality beef. The White Galloway strain has a distinct black point pattern with white base coat, giving it a unique appearance. The Dhanni breed from the Punjab region of Pakistan has black and white color combinations with distinct patches of splashy colors on their body. Overall, the Charolais is an incredibly versatile breed that can be used for multiple purposes due to its hardiness, strength and handsome features.


The Hereford is an iconic British breed of beef cattle that originated in the county of Herefordshire in the West Midlands of England. It is known for its dark red to reddish-yellow coat and white face, crest, dewlap and underline. It is also popular for its hardiness and ability to do well in a variety of climates and situations. The Hereford is a reliable producer of high quality beef and has been used extensively as a crossbreed with other breeds to improve their performance. Herefords are also well known for their gentle nature, making them excellent family cows. They are very easy to work with and make great companions for farmers, ranchers, hobbyists, and anyone who loves having cattle around!

Devon Cattle

Devon Cattle are an ancient British breed of large beef cattle which originated in the counties of Devon and Cornwall in south-west England. They have been around for centuries, and are known for their distinct color splashing on the body, which can range from deep red to light chestnut, with white patches on the tail switch, udder or scrotum. Devon Cattle produce high quality beef that is leaner than other breeds due to their low fat content. They also have a strong immune system and are highly resilient to disease. Devon Cattle thrive in both warm and cold climates due to their adaptability, making them a great choice for homesteaders looking for a reliable dairy or beef source.

Scottish Highland Cattle

The Scottish Highland Cattle are a traditional Scottish breed of beef cattle, known for their rustic appearance and long horns. They have long shaggy coats in red, black or white and can be identified by the belt-like pattern of white around their middle. This breed is hardy and intelligent, having been bred to withstand the conditions in the highlands of Scotland. The original two classes were the West Highlands or Kyloe, which were raised on western islands of Scotland, and the Highlander class which was found inland. Today they are popularly used for their beef as well as for show purposes. They are also known to make good companion animals due to their gentle nature and inquisitive personalities.

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