What are the Characteristics of a Barbari Goat?

Barbari goats are small animals with compact body. There is wide variation in coat color, but white with small light spots is the most common. They have short and tubular ears. The male Barbari has 38-40kg of weight and female Barbari has 23-25 kg of weight.

Overview of Barbari Goats

Barbari goats have unique characteristics. They are pretty smaller sized animals with medium sized compact body. They are alert and have a wide range of coat colors, but are most commonly white with small light brown patches. They also have well-set udders and concealed teats.

Physical Characteristics

The Barbari is a small goat of compact form. The head is small and neat, with small upward-pointing ears and small horns. The coat is white with small light brown patches. Ears are short, tubular, almost double) with the slit opening in front, erect, directed upward and outward. Small & erect ears 6 Page 11 the does have been known to produce up to 2 quarts (1.9 L) of milk per day.

Reproduction and Breeding Habits

The Barbari breed is a solid goat. Its head is small and clean. There are ears and small horns The reproduction rate of Barbari goats is one of the most beneficial characteristics for the meat producer. Barbari goats are very profile Performance. Reproductive performance. The twinning is a common phenomenon in this breed. Parameters. Age at first kidding. Kidding interval Use. The Barbari is a dual-purpose breed, reared both for meat and for milk, and is well adapted for Indian conditions. It is a seasonal breeder and This breed is suitable to reproduce at an early age, between 18 and 20 months they are ready to procreate. And the period between birth and the new procreation They are primarily a meat-type breed, but considering the number of animals reported, it is urgent to undertake conservation measures. It has wide range of coat color but the white color with small light brown patches is most common. This breed is mainly used for meat Reprodu

Diet and Feeding Habits

The Barbari goat is a dual-purpose breed that is reared for both meat and milk production. They are well adapted to Indian conditions and are known for their good meat qualities and triple kidding ability. They have a fast growth rate and excellent feed conversion ratio, and will gain weight quickly with proper feeding. Barbari goats are very alert and have short, erect ears. They are also known for their attractive appearance.

Health Considerations

The Barbari breed is a small to medium sized domestic goat found in a wide area in India and Pakistan. They are alert and attractive, with short erect ears. They are well adapted to the climate and have a great immune system. However, they are not resistant to all diseases and may require special care when sick.

Temperament and Behavior

Barbari goats are known for their good meat qualities and triple kidding ability. They are resistant to common goat diseases and have a wide range of coat colors. Barbari goats are alert and awake, with small upward-pointing ears and horns. The coat is usually white with small light brown patches.

Adaptation to Environment

The Barbari is a small goat of compact form that is well-suited to harsh environments. They have small upward-pointing ears and small horns. The coat is usually white or light-colored, although there may be some darker markings. Barbari goats are known for their good milk production and their adaptability to different climates.

Economic Significance

The Barbari goat is a small domestic breed of goat found in India and Pakistan. They are known for their alertness and attractive appearance, with short erect ears. Barbari goats are raised primarily for meat production, but can also be used for milk production. They are very well adapted to the climate and can thrive in a wide range of conditions.

Top Goat Breed in Pakistan

Are you looking for the best goat breed in Pakistan? If so, you’ve come to the right place. In this post, we’ll discuss which breeds are perfect for Pakistan’s climate and terrain. We’ll also explore how to care for these animals, their benefits, and more. So if you’re ready to find out the best goats for your farm or household, read on!

Introduction to Goats

Goats are a versatile and hardy livestock species, raising them for various purposes such as meat, milk, fiber, and skin. They are widely distributed across the world in different breeds adapted to their respective climates and needs. In Pakistan there are 63 different goat breeds present which have been adapted to the local environments over many centuries. Some of the most popular goat breeds include Beetal, Chappar (Kohistani/Jabli), Kamori, and Anglo-Nubian goats. These goats offer a great deal of versatility when it comes to farming as they can be used for milk production, meat production or even fiber production. Beetal goats are especially sought after due to their high-quality hides which make them desirable for sale at festivals like Eid. Furthermore, crossbreeding is also common with these animals in order to upgrade other less desirable non-descript goats.

Overview of the Best Goat Breeds in Pakistan

Pakistan is home to a variety of goat breeds, each with unique characteristics and traits. Teddy goats are the most widely raised and popular breed in the country, originating from Punjab but now adapted to many different areas. Other breeds include Nachi, which includes a “best walk” competition, Amratsari Beetal, Sepahi, Dera Din Panah, Sindh Desi, Kamori and more. These goats are mainly used for meat and milk production but can also be used for leisure activities like racing or as pets. Landless farmers usually raise goats in large numbers for commercial purposes while others keep them as pets or for show. No matter what their purpose may be, these resilient animals have been an integral part of Pakistani culture for centuries!


Beetal goats are a multipurpose breed of goat native to the Punjab in India and Pakistan. They are a popular choice for goat farming due to their hardy constitution, adaptability to different climates, and large litter sizes. Beetal goats have black coats with white patches and long ears that hang down. Their horns are curved backwards and they have short, sturdy legs. They produce an average of 2-3 kids per birth – one of the highest among all breeds – making them ideal for commercial production purposes. The meat is leaner than other breeds, making it healthier and more desirable for consumption. Beetal goats can also be used as dairy animals, producing up to two litres of milk daily. With their hardy nature and high fertility rates, Beetal goats make great investments for farmers looking to make money from rearing livestock in Pakistan.


Teddy is a popular breed of goat found in Pakistan, particularly in the districts of Punjab Layyah, Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur and Dera Ismail Khan. It is a fast-growing breed and is used for farming business. The doe has not well-developed udder but teats. It is a small-medium sized animal with fine coat and beautiful horns.

The Teddy goat produces good quality meat and milk which makes it an ideal choice for farmers. It has a short cycle of birth, making it one of the fastest growing breeds in Pakistan. The male breeders are known for their beauty and strength while the female breeders are great milk producers. They also have excellent reproductive performance with high fertility rates.

The Teddy goat is easy to maintain as they are hardy animals that require minimal attention and care. They can be fed on grass or grains depending on their diet regime, but they should always be provided clean water to drink regularly. With proper management and care, this unique breed of goats can produce healthy offspring that can be used for various purposes such as dairy production or meat production.


The Barbarian is a breed of small domestic goat found in a wide area in India and Pakistan. The breed is known for its resilience, fertility, and milk production. Barbarians are hardy animals that can adapt to different climates and habitats. They have short, glossy coats ranging from black to light gray to dark brown and white. They are relatively small goats with adult males standing up to 17 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing up to 40 pounds. Females can weigh up to 30 pounds when fully grown. Barbarians are known for their high milk yields, with lactation lasting up to 10 months after kidding. They produce milk with a butterfat content of around 4%. The breed is also valued as a provider of meat due to its lean carcass and excellent taste.

Black Bengal

Black Bengal is a small-sized, meat type goat breed originating from Bangladesh and Pakistan. It is an early maturing, non-seasonal and prolific breed that produces high-quality meat and skin. It is one of the most popular breeds in Bangladesh, Pakistan and other countries for its high prolificacy rate. This breed plays a very important role in the local economy by providing meat, skin and other products to the people in these areas. The Black Bengal Goat can adapt to different environmental conditions and is easy to manage due to its small size. It requires minimal inputs but yields good results if managed properly.


The Jamunapari breed is a large goat, native to India. It is considered a dual-purpose animal, used for both milk and meat production. This breed is known for its long ears and striking white markings on its face and legs. Jamunapari goats are hardy animals that can tolerate hot climates, making them suitable for areas with tropical climates. They are also noted for their excellent milk production, which makes them a popular choice among dairy farmers. Jamunapari goats can be kept in small flocks or herds and do not require extensive care or feeding regimes. For those looking to start a goat farm or add to an existing herd, the Jamunapari is an ideal choice due to its hardiness and productivity.


Nachi is a breed of goat that is native to Pakistan and can be found in the Bahawalpur, Multan, Muzaffargarh, and Khanewal districts of Punjab province. They are known for producing high quality meat, milk, and medium hair. Nachi goats are also known as “Dancing Goats” due to their unique gait which resembles a dance. They are a valuable asset to the Pakistani livestock industry and have become increasingly popular due to their hardiness and adaptability. Nachi goats are an excellent choice for any farmer looking for a productive herd of goats that can flourish in almost any environment.


Jatal is a breed of goat found mainly in the Kotli and Mirpur regions of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan. It is a medium-sized breed, that is well known for its high-quality meat. Jatal goats are also popular among farmers for their good milk production. They have a straight back, long ears and horns that curl upwards. The coat color ranges from white to black with light brown shades.

Jattal goats are hardy animals and can survive in harsh conditions. They can easily adapt to different climates and feed on available grazing land. These animals can be reared both as dairy or meat producing breeds depending on the farmer’s requirements. They also have a high fertility rate with some bucks able to produce up to three kids per year if managed well.

Jattal goats are known for having a calm temperament which makes them easy to handle compared to other breeds of goats. Farmers prefer this breed because they require less care compared to other breeds, making them ideal for small-scale goat farming operations.


Sirohi is an Indian breed of domestic goat that originated in the Sirohi District of Rajasthan, India. This breed is known for its high-quality meat and milk production, as well as its hardy nature and adaptability to different environments. It has a distinctive white face with a black band across the forehead, and its coat is usually brown in colour. The Sirohi is also known for its relatively large size, which can make them excellent show animals. They are active, curious and have good maternal instincts, making them great animals for dairy production or meat production. They are also popular amongst hobby farmers due to their easy-going temperament and ability to thrive in most climates.


The Malabari Goat is a popular breed of goat originally from India and Pakistan. It is a medium-sized goat that is used for both milk and meat production. The body of the Malabari goat is well developed and compact, with a large head and medium ears. This breed has an average daily milk production of around 8kg, with an average fat concentration of 6%. The Malabari Goat is known for its hardiness and ability to adapt to different climates. It can also thrive in harsh conditions, making them ideal for farming in rural areas. As such, they are commonly used by smallholders in India and Pakistan for subsistence farming. The Malabari breed is also known for its docile nature which makes it easy to handle and great for beginners in the goat farming industry!


Solder is a popular breed of goat found in Pakistan. It is one of the thirty-seven breeds that are commonly used for farming and agriculture. These goats are known to produce high-quality meat and milk, making them a valuable asset to farmers across the country. They are also quite hardy and can survive in a variety of climates, making them an ideal choice for those living in rural areas. Solder goats have distinctive features such as white faces with black spots, long ears, and horns that curve backwards towards their backs. They can be raised for both meat and milk production, although they tend to produce more milk than meat. As such, they are highly valued by Pakistani farmers who rely on them for their livelihoods.

Red Sindhi

Red Sindhi is a popular goat breed found in the Sindh province of Pakistan. The goats have distinctive long ears and a bright pinkish-red colour. Red Sindhi is one of the best registered goat breeds in Pakistan, and can be found in Dadu, Nawabshah, Sukhur and part of Larkana. They are popular for their high milk production, making them an ideal choice for dairy farming. Red Sindhi cattle are also renowned for their high fertility rate and hardiness to disease. They have adapted to local climate conditions and can survive on minimal feed and water requirements. This breed is well suited to the hot climate of Pakistan, making it an invaluable asset to farmers in the region.


Thalli is a goat breed that is native to Pakistan and can be found in the Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir Baltistan regions. It is known for its excellent meat production and high-quality wool, making it a great choice for livestock owners looking to increase their profitability. Thalli goats are hardy animals that can survive harsh conditions, making them perfect for life in remote areas. They are also very resistant to disease, so they require minimal veterinary care. Thalli goats are relatively small animals and have low birth weights, but they grow fast and produce more meat than most other breeds of goat. Due to their hardy nature, Thalli goats are a great investment for farmers looking for an animal that will thrive in their environment with minimal maintenance.


The study conducted in the Sindh province of Pakistan found that the most popular goat breeds in the region were Beetal, Pateri, Rajhanpuri, and Kamori. These four breeds are often crossbred to create the Gulabi breed. The ideal breeding age for goats is 11-12 months old, and one male goat can cover up to 25 female goats per year. There are many other recognized breeds of goats in Pakistan, including Nachi which is primarily raised for its milk production. This study has concluded that there is still a need for more research into small ruminant production and its associated constraints and opportunities.

10 Cow Dairy Farm Income In Pakistan

10 Cow Dairy Farm Income In Pakistan


The average Pakistani dairy farmer has a herd of 10 cows and makes an annual income of Rs. 50,000. This is just one example of the many small-scale dairy farms in Pakistan that provide a livelihood for their owners and families. In this blog post, we will take a look at 10 different dairy farms in Pakistan and what their incomes are. We will also explore the challenges they face and how they are overcoming them.

What types of cows are in Pakistan?

There are two main types of cows in Pakistan: the local desi cow and the crossbreed HF cow. The local desi cow is a hardy breed that can withstand the harsh climate and poor grazing conditions of Pakistan. The HF cow is a cross between the Holstein-Friesian and local desi breeds. It is larger and produces more milk than the local desi cow.

What is the most popular type of cow in Pakistan?

The most popular type of cow in Pakistan is the crossbreed HF cow. These cows are larger and produce more milk than the local desi breed.

What is the average lifespan of a cow in Pakistan?

The average lifespan of a cow in Pakistan is about 15 years.

What is the dairy industry like in Pakistan?

The dairy industry in Pakistan is growing rapidly. In recent years, the government has invested heavily in the sector, and there are now over 1,000 dairy farms in the country. The largest dairy farm in Pakistan is the Al-Nafees Dairy Farm, which has a herd of over 10,000 cows. The dairy industry in Pakistan is expected to continue to grow in the coming years. This growth will be driven by rising incomes and a growing population.

What is Dairy Farming?

Dairy farming is a sector of agriculture that involves the raising of cattle for the purpose of producing milk and other dairy products. Milk and dairy products are an important part of the human diet, providing essential nutrients such as calcium, vitamin D, protein, and fat. The global dairy industry is worth an estimated $ trillion USD, with cow’s milk accounting for the majority of production.

Pakistan is the ninth largest producer of milk in the world, with an annual output of around 40 billion litres. The vast majority of Pakistan’s dairy farms are small-scale operations, with only around 3% classified as large commercial enterprises. Dairy farming plays an important role in Pakistan’s economy, contributing 1.4% to the country’s GDP and supporting the livelihoods of millions of people.

The average Pakistani dairy farmer keeps between 2 and 10 cows, with most farms located in rural areas outside of major cities. Cattle are typically kept in open fields or simple shelters made from mud and straw, and fed a diet of green fodder, grains, and leftover food scraps. Water buffalo are also sometimes used for dairy production in Pakistan, although they make up a small minority of the overall herd (around 6%).

Milk yield per cow in Pakistan averages around 2300 litres per year, which is relatively low by international standards. This is due in part to poor nutrition and husbandry practices, as well as the often harsh climatic conditions that cattle must endure (hot summers and cold winters).

The Benefits of Dairy Farming

Dairy farming has many benefits for both the farmer and the consumer. For the farmer, it provides a source of income that is not subject to the whims of weather or the markets. It is also a relatively low-maintenance form of agriculture, as cows require little care once they are settled into a routine.

For the consumer, dairy products are a source of essential nutrients such as calcium, protein, and vitamin D. They are also an affordable source of nutrition for many people around the world.

Dairy farming plays an important role in global food security by providing a reliable source of nutritious food for billions of people. It is also an important sector of the economy in many countries, providing jobs and supporting rural communities.

The Different Types of Dairy Farms

There are three types of dairy farms in Pakistan: small, medium, and large.

Small dairy farms: These have two to ten cows and produce about 1,000 to 2,500 liters of milk per day. The milk is sold locally in the village or town.

Medium dairy farms: These have 11 to 50 cows and produce about 2,501 to 12,500 liters of milk per day. The milk is sold to dairies or other processors.

Large dairy farms: These have more than 50 cows and produce more than 12,500 liters of milk per day. The milk is sold to dairies or other processors.

How much can you earn from a dairy farm in Pakistan?

Pakistan is an agriculture-based country and dairy farming is one of the main sources of income for small farmers. A dairy farm in Pakistan generally consists of 2 to 5 cows. The average yield per cow is around 2,000 liters per lactation period.

The milk production from a single cow ranges from 1,500 to 2,000 liters during its lactation period which lasts for about 305 days. The average price of milk in Pakistan is Rs. 40 per liter. So, the total income from a single cow can be anything between Rs. 60,000 to 80,000.

The cost of running a small dairy farm in Pakistan varies depending on the number of cows and other factors such as feed costs, veterinary expenses, etc. However, on an average, it would cost around Rs. 50,000 to 60,000 per month to maintain a small dairy farm with 2 to 5 cows. This means that the net profit from a small dairy farm in Pakistan can be anywhere between Rs. 10,000 to 20,000 per month.

How much money do dairy farmers make per cow?

On average, dairy farmers in Pakistan make around Rs. 30,000 per cow per year. However, this number can vary greatly depending on the size and productivity of the farm, as well as the price of milk in the market. Large farms with more productive cows can make much more than this, while small farms or those with less productive cows may make less.

The Costs of Dairy Farming

Dairy farming is an expensive business. The cost of buying and maintaining a herd of cows, as well as the cost of feed and other inputs, can be substantial. In addition, dairy farmers must invest in equipment and infrastructure to store and process milk.

In Pakistan, the cost of dairy farming varies depending on the size and scale of the operation. However, small-scale dairy farmers often struggle to make a profit due to high costs. Large-scale commercial dairy farms are better able to manage costs and generate a higher income.

The table below provides an estimate of the annual costs of running a small dairy farm in Pakistan:

Item Cost (in US dollars) Cows $1,200-$1,500 Feed $600-$900 Veterinary care $100-$200 Milk storage and processing $200-$300 Total $2,100-$3,000

As you can see, the costs of Dairy Farming can be significant. In order to make a profit, farmers must carefully manage their expenses and produce a high-quality product that consumers are willing to pay for.



The dairy industry in Pakistan is an important sector of the economy, contributing to both household incomes and agricultural production. However, small-scale farmers often face difficulties in accessing markets and generating sufficient income. This study provides valuable insights into the potential for cow dairy farming as a source of income for small-scale farmers in Pakistan. The findings suggest that there is significant potential for increased milk production and improved productivity on small farms. With proper support and investment, the dairy industry in Pakistan could provide a much-needed boost to the rural economy.

Nili Ravi Buffalo In Pakistan

Nili Ravi Buffalo In Pakistan: Their Benefits And Why They Are Very Popular

The Nili Ravi buffalo is a subspecies of water buffalo that is native to Pakistan. These buffaloes are prized for their milk production and are used in dairy farms all over the country. Nili Ravi buffaloes have many benefits, including their high milk production, their docile nature, and their resistance to diseases. They are also very popular among Pakistani farmers, as they are relatively easy to care for and provide a good source of income. If you are interested in learning more about Nili Ravi buffaloes and why they are so popular in Pakistan, read on!

What is the Nili Ravi Buffalo?

The Nili Ravi buffalo is a subspecies of the water buffalo that is found in Pakistan. It is named after the River Ravi, which flows through the Punjab province where the buffalo is found. The Nili Ravi buffalo is considered to be one of the best milking buffalo breeds in the world and is thus very popular among dairy farmers in Pakistan.

The Nili Ravi buffalo is particularly well-suited to the hot and humid climate of Pakistan. It has a large body with short, thick hair that helps it to withstand the heat. The Nili Ravi buffalo also has large, floppy ears that help to keep it cool.

The Nili Ravi buffalo produces high-quality milk that is rich in fat and protein. This makes it ideal for making butter, cheese, and other dairy products. The Nili Ravi buffalo is also known for its high fertility rate, which makes it an excellent choice for dairy farmers who want to increase their herd size quickly.

The different types of Nili Ravi Buffalo

Nili Ravi buffaloes are the most popular type of buffalo in Pakistan. They are known for their milk production and their hardy nature. Nili Ravis are also used for draught purposes.

There are two main types of Nili Ravi buffalo; the Riverine type and the Swamp type. The Riverine type is found near rivers and streams, while the Swamp type is found in marshy areas. Both types are equally suited to milk production.

Nili Ravis are well adapted to the Pakistani climate and can withstand hot summers and cold winters. They are also resistant to diseases such as foot-and-mouth disease and brucellosis.

Nili Ravis have good meat quality, making them popular for both meat and dairy production. The milk of Nili Ravis is high in fat and protein, making it ideal for making butter, cheese, and yogurt. The buffaloes also produce a high yield of manure, which is excellent for agricultural purposes.

The benefits of Nili Ravi Buffalo

The Nili Ravi Buffalo is a very popular breed of buffalo in Pakistan. They are known for their dairy production and their high-quality meat. The Nili Ravi Buffalo is also a very efficient converter of food into milk and meat. They have been bred for many years in Pakistan and have become one of the most important animals in the country.

The Nili Ravi Buffalo is an excellent source of income for farmers. They produce a large amount of milk and their meat is also very popular. The Nili Ravi Buffalo has a good temperament and is easy to handle. They are also resistant to diseases and pests.

The Nili Ravi Buffalo is a very important animal in Pakistan and has many benefits. They are a great source of income for farmers and provide high-quality milk and meat.

Why the Nili Ravi Buffalo is so popular in Pakistan

Nili Ravi buffalo is a popular breed of buffalo in Pakistan. The main reason for its popularity is its milk production. Nili Ravi buffalo produces more milk than any other breed of buffalo. It is also said to be very docile and easy to handle.

Other reasons for its popularity are that it is resistant to diseases, has good meat quality, and is able to adapt to different climates.

How to care for Nili Ravi Buffalo

Nili Ravi Buffalo are the most common type of buffalo found in Pakistan. They are known for their milk production and their ability to thrive in hot climates. Nili Ravi Buffalo are also very popular because they are easy to care for and require little maintenance.

When it comes to caring for Nili Ravi Buffalo, there are a few things that you will need to do. First, you will need to provide them with a clean and spacious environment. Nili Ravi Buffalo prefer to live in open areas so they can graze and roam freely. It is important to make sure that their living area is free of debris and has plenty of fresh water available.

Second, you will need to feed your Nili Ravi Buffalo a balanced diet. They should have access to fresh grass or hay, as well as a variety of grains and vegetables. You can also supplement their diet with minerals and vitamins if needed.

Third, you will need to exercise your Nili Ravi Buffalo on a regular basis. This will help them stay healthy and fit, as well as increase their milk production. fourth, you should provide your Nili Ravi Buffalo with regular veterinary care. This includes vaccinations, deworming, and routine check-ups. By following these simple tips, you can ensure that your Nili Ravi Buffalo remains healthy and happy for many years to come.


Nili Ravi buffaloes are a very popular breed of buffalo in Pakistan and for good reason. They are known for their high milk production, which makes them an excellent choice for dairy farmers. They are also very strong and hardy animals, which makes them well-suited to the often harsh Pakistani climate. If you’re thinking about getting a Nili Ravi buffalo, be sure to do your research so that you can find a reputable breeder and get the best possible price.

Goat Farming in Pakistan

10 Tips For Building A Successful Goat Farming in Pakistan


The goat is a multi-purpose animal. Not only do they provide us with milk and meat, but their skin and hair can be used to make clothing, footwear, and other products. Goats are also known to be easier to take care of than other animals like cows. That’s why goat farming has become such a popular business in Pakistan over the last few years. If you’re thinking of starting your own goat farm, here are 10 tips to help you get started on the right foot.

What You Need to Start Goat Farming

If you’re thinking about starting a goat farm in Pakistan, there are a few things you’ll need to get started. Here’s a quick rundown of what you’ll need:

-Land: You’ll need enough land to graze your goats and build shelter for them. If you don’t have your own land, you can lease land from a farmer or another landowner.

-Goats: Of course, you’ll need goats! You can buy goats from other farmers, online, or at livestock auctions. Be sure to get healthy animals from reputable sources.

-Feed and hay: Your goats will need access to fresh, clean water at all times. They’ll also need plenty of hay and fresh greens for roughage. You can grow your own feed, buy it from a feed store, or get it delivered from a hay company.

-Shelter: Goats need shelter from the sun, wind, and rain. You can build a simple shed or barn for them, or convert an existing structure on your property into goat housing.

-Fencing: A well-built fence is essential for keeping your goats safe and contained. Choose a fencing material that’s sturdy and easy to repair if needed.

Choose the Right Breed

There are many different breeds of goats in Pakistan, and each has its own strengths and weaknesses. Some breeds are better suited for milk production, while others are better for meat production. Still others are better for fiber production. Choosing the right breed of goat for your farm is essential to your success as a goat farmer.

Do some research on the different types of goats available in Pakistan. Talk to other farmers and ask for their advice. Once you have decided on a few breeds that you think will be a good fit for your farm, visit a few local breeders and see the goats up close. Ask the breeders questions about the goats and their care requirements. Choose the breed of goat that you think will best suit your needs and your farm environment.

Consider the Climate

When choosing a location for your goat farm, it is important to consider the climate. The climate in Pakistan can be very hot and humid, so you will need to make sure that your goats have access to plenty of water and shade. Goat breeds that are well-suited to the Pakistani climate include the Black Bengal, Jamunapari, and Kaghani.

goats in Pakistan require fresh water and access to shelter from the sun. Choose a location for your farm that can provide these things for your goats. Breeds of goats that do well in Pakistan’s climate include the Black Bengal, Jamunapari, and Kaghani.

Get Your Land Ready

If you’re thinking of starting a goat farm in Pakistan, the first step is to get your land ready. Here are some tips to help you prepare your land for goats:

1. Choose a location that has plenty of grass and other vegetation for the goats to eat.

2. Make sure there is enough space for the goats to roam and exercise.

3. Provide shelter for the goats from the hot sun and cold weather.

4. Keep the area clean and free of debris that could harm the goats.

5. Talk to your local government officials about any permits or regulations you need to follow before setting up a goat farm on your land.

Build Good Fencing

Building good fencing is one of the most important aspects of successful goat farming in Pakistan. Goats are very active and curious animals, and if they are not properly fenced in, they will quickly escape and wander off. A good fence should be at least 6 feet tall and made of strong material that the goats cannot easily damage or push over. It is also important to have a gate that can be securely closed to keep the goats from getting out.

House Your Goats Properly

Goats are social animals and prefer to live in groups. A minimum of two goats is recommended, but four or more is ideal. If you have the space, it’s best to keep your goats in a pasture with plenty of room to roam. If you don’t have a lot of space, keeping them in a pen or barn is also an option. Just make sure they have plenty of room to move around and access to fresh water and hay.

One of the most important things you can do for your goats is to provide them with a comfortable place to sleep. Goats are very active and need a lot of exercise, so a spacious pen or pasture is ideal. However, if you don’t have the space for this, making sure they have access to a good amount of hay will help them stay healthy and active.

Another important consideration when housing your goats is protecting them from predators. Goats are prey animals and are often targeted by coyotes, foxes, dogs, and even cats. To keep your goats safe, it’s important to build a sturdy fence around their pen or pasture. The fence should be at least six feet tall and made of strong material that predators cannot easily break through or climb over.

Feed Your Goats a Healthy Diet

A healthy diet for your goats is essential to their overall health and well-being. There are a few things to keep in mind when feeding your goats:

-Goats are browsers, not grazers. This means that they prefer to eat leaves, twigs, and other browse rather than grass. When possible, allow them access to browse or supplement their diet with hay.

-Goats are also very efficient at digesting roughage. This means that they can make use of food sources that other animals cannot, like weeds and shrubs. Make sure to provide plenty of fresh, green foliage for your goats to munch on.

-A healthy diet for goats also includes a source of calcium. This can be provided through fresh vegetables like kale or collards, or you can offer a small handful of crushed oyster shells as a treat.

-Finally, goats need access to fresh water at all times. Provide a clean water trough for them to drink from and clean it out regularly

Keep Your Goats Healthy

Goat farming is a profitable business in Pakistan. However, like any livestock business, there are certain risks and challenges associated with it. The most important thing you can do to ensure the success of your goat farm is to keep your goats healthy.

There are several things you can do to keep your goats healthy:

1. Provide them with clean water at all times. Goats need to drink around 8-10 litres of water per day. If their water source is dirty, they are more likely to contract diseases.

2. Feed them a balanced diet. Goats need a diet that includes hay, fresh vegetables, and a small amount of grain. You can also give them supplements if needed.

3. Keep their living area clean and free of debris. Goats are very susceptible to disease if their living conditions are not clean.

4. Get them vaccinated against common diseases such as rabies, foot-and-mouth disease, and chlamydia. Vaccinating your goats will help protect them from these diseases and will also help prevent the spread of these diseases to other animals and humans.

5. Regularly check your goats for signs of illness or injury and contact a veterinarian if you notice anything out of the ordinary. By catching illnesses early, you can treat them before they become serious health problems

Market Your Goat Products

There are a few things you can do to market your goat products successfully. First, consider what type of products you have to offer. Do you have milk, cheese, or meat? You can also sell breeding stock, wool, and other goat-related products.

Once you know what you have to sell, research your target market. Who is most likely to buy your products? Where do they live? What type of income do they have? Answering these questions will help you create a marketing strategy that targets your ideal customer.

Once you know who you want to target, it’s time to start marketing your products. You can use traditional marketing methods like print ads or billboards. Or, get creative and use social media or online advertising. Whatever marketing methods you choose, make sure you’re reaching your target audience.

Building A Successful Goat Farming in Pakistan

Goat farming is a popular and profitable business in Pakistan. Goats are raised for their meat, milk, and fiber. There are many different breeds of goats, but the most common in Pakistan are the Saanen, Toggenburg, and Alpine. Goat farming can be done on a small or large scale. If you have the land and the resources, you can start a goat farm with just a few goats. However, if you want to make it a more profitable enterprise, you will need to start with a larger herd. There are many factors to consider when starting a goat farm. In this blog post, we will discuss some of the most important things to keep in mind when setting up your farm. We will also provide some tips on how to care for your goats and make sure they stay healthy and productive.

How can I make my goat farm successful?

There are a few key things you need to do in order to make your goat farming successful in Pakistan. First, you need to choose the right location for your farm. The climate and terrain of Pakistan is well-suited for goats, so you should have no problem finding a good spot for your farm. Once you have found a suitable location, you need to build strong and sturdy fencing to keep your goats safe and secure. Goats are notorious for escaping, so it is important that your fence is high and escape-proof.

In addition to choosing the right location and building a strong fence, you also need to breed high-quality goats. There are many different breeds of goats available in Pakistan, so do some research to find the best ones for your climate and terrain. You also need to be sure to provide adequate food and water for your goats. They require a lot of grazing space, so make sure you have enough land for them to roam freely. If you follow these tips, you will be well on your way to Goat Farming Success in Pakistan!

Which breed of goat grows fastest in Pakistan?

As anyone in the goat business will tell you, there are many factors to consider when choosing which breed of goat to raise. But if you’re looking for a fast-growing breed, there are a few that stand out.

Boer goats are a popular choice for meat production, and they grow quickly. Another option is the Kiko goat, which is a New Zealand bred goat that is also known for its rapid growth. And last but not least, the Alpine breeds (like the Toggenburg and Saanen) are known for their high milk production, but they also grow quickly.

So if you’re looking for a fast-growing breed of goat, any of these three would be a good choice. Just be sure to do your research on each one to see which would be the best fit for your farm.

How do you raise a goat for profit?

There are a number of ways to raise goats for profit. One way is to start a goat dairy farm. Goat dairy farms require a large amount of space and a lot of goats in order to be successful. Another way to raise goats for profit is to start a meat goat farm. Meat goat farms require less space and fewer goats, but they still need to be well-managed in order to be successful. Finally, another way to raise goats for profit is to sell goat milk and cheese products commercially. This can be done on a smaller scale than starting a goat dairy farm, but it still requires careful management in order to be successful.


Goat farming can be a very successful venture in Pakistan, but there are some important things to keep in mind if you want to be successful. First of all, you need to make sure you have a good location for your farm. You also need to choose the right breed of goats and create a healthy environment for them. Finally, you need to market your goat products well in order to make a profit. Follow these tips and you will be on your way to success with goat farming in Pakistan!


Lumpy Skin Disease Herbal Treatment in Pakistan

Are you looking for an alternative to traditional treatments for lumpy skin disease? If so, then you’ve come to the right place! In this blog post, we will explore a range of herbal remedies that can help treat this condition. Read on to find out more!

What is Lumpy Skin Disease?

Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a viral cattle disease that affects the skin and internal organs of infected animals. It is caused by the poxvirus, lumpy skin disease virus. The disease is characterized by nodules, or “lumps”, which form on the skin and in some cases may cause death. Common clinical signs of LSD include fever, loss of appetite, dehydration and anemia. In severe cases, the lumps can form ulcers which can lead to secondary bacterial infections.

LSD can be transmitted through direct contact with infected animals or through contact with contaminated objects such as needles or fly bites. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent LSD outbreaks; however if an outbreak does occur it is important to isolate infected animals and seek veterinary advice. Treatment consists of supportive care such as fluids and antibiotics as well as specific antiviral medications that can reduce symptoms and limit spread of the virus.

Causes and Symptoms of Lumpy Skin Disease

Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) is a highly contagious viral disease that affects cattle and water buffalo in Africa, the Middle East, Europe and parts of Asia. Common symptoms include fever, enlarged superficial lymph nodes and multiple nodules (measuring 2–5 cm in diameter) on the skin. These nodules are usually firm to the touch and have a characteristic lumpy appearance. Other signs of infection can include hypersalivation, lacrimation, eye discharge, and swollen eyelids. Animals may also become unresponsive to stimuli or show signs of severe depression. Diagnosis is usually done through histopathology or virus isolation from samples taken from the affected areas. Treatment for LSD involves using antiviral medications such as CombiVet or Uberin intramuscularly twice a day for five days. In some cases ethno-treatment with household herbs like neem leaves or holy basil (Thulsi) have been found to be effective in treating this disease as well.

Herbal Remedies for Lumpy Skin Disease

Herbal remedies can provide effective relief for cattle suffering from Lumpy Skin Disease. Common ingredients used in these treatments include garlic, neem leaves, henna leaves and coconut or sesame seeds. Another option is to use an antifungal agent like Lamisil. In addition, Anthralin (Drithocreme, Micanol) can help to reduce inflammation and psoriasis symptoms. Ayurvedic medicine is also a popular choice of treatment for this disease, specifically Giloy which helps boost the animal’s immunity and prevent infection. Combivet and Uberin are also recommended intramuscular treatments that should be taken twice a day for five days at 1-2ml per 10kg of body weight. Lastly, Sulphur tincture or cerate are suggested topically for warts and excrescences with a potency up to thirtieth strength internally. With careful consideration of all the options available, herbal remedies can provide effective relief from Lumpy Skin Disease in cattle.

Neem (Azadirachta indica)

Neem (Azadirachta indica) is an ancient medicinal plant that has been used for centuries in traditional Indian and Chinese medicine. It belongs to the family of meliaceae and is native to South Asia, with large populations found in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal. Neem has a long history of being used as a natural remedy to treat many skin disorders such as acne, eczema, psoriasis, dandruff, warts, and even skin cancer.

The leaves of the neem plant are rich in active ingredients known as nimbin which have anti-inflammatory properties that help to reduce redness and swelling associated with certain skin conditions. Other active compounds like terpenes are known for their antibacterial properties which can help fight off harmful bacteria on the surface of the skin. Neem oil extracted from the seeds of neem tree is also highly beneficial for treating various skin conditions due to its antioxidant activity which helps reduce oxidative damage caused by free radicals.

Neem can be consumed either orally or applied topically depending on your individual needs. For topical use it can be blended with other healing herbs like turmeric or aloe vera and applied directly to affected areas or consumed in capsule form as part of an oral supplement regimen. When taken orally it’s important to make sure you’re getting a high quality extract from a reputable source since some extracts can contain toxic levels of certain compounds if not carefully monitored during manufacturing process.

In conclusion, neem (Azadirachta indica) is an incredibly powerful medicinal plant that has been used for centuries in Ayurvedic medicine to treat various skin disorders such as acne,

Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a powerful natural remedy used in Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese Medicine. It has been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments, including skin conditions. Curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric, has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties that help reduce redness and swelling of the skin and fight off bacteria or fungi that may be causing an infection. Studies have also suggested that curcumin could help reduce drug efflux, making it an effective agent in the treatment of several skin diseases.

Turmeric can be consumed orally as a spice or tea, or it can be applied topically to the affected area as a paste made from turmeric powder mixed with water or oil. Turmeric is often combined with other herbs such as neem leaves, holy basil (Thulsi), henna leaves and black peppers to create herbal mixtures for treating lumpy skin disease in cows.

Consuming turmeric regularly is beneficial for overall health, but it should not be taken without first consulting your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Always use caution when using this herbal remedy externally on your skin, as it may cause irritation in some people.

Garlic (Allium sativum)

Garlic (Allium sativum) is a popular herb used in cooking and medicinal purposes. It has been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments, including skin conditions such as acne, eczema and fungal infections. Garlic contains powerful compounds such as allicin, which has antibacterial and anti-fungal properties that help to combat infection. It also contains sulfur compounds which can help reduce inflammation and provide relief from skin irritations. Garlic can be taken orally, applied topically or consumed in garlic supplements. For best results, it is important to consume fresh garlic daily or take garlic supplements that are standardized for allicin content.

Ginger (Zingiber officinale)

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a popular medicinal herb and spice that has been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments. It has a unique flavor and aroma that makes it an essential ingredient in many dishes. Ginger is rich in antioxidants which can help to reduce inflammation, improve digestion, and aid in the prevention of certain diseases. It is also believed to have anti-viral properties, making it an effective treatment for the lumpy skin disease virus. The root can be eaten raw or cooked, added to teas or taken as supplements. In addition to its medicinal benefits, ginger has long been known as an effective remedy for nausea, motion sickness and other digestive issues.

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) is a herb with powerful anti-inflammatory properties that can be used to treat a variety of skin conditions. It has been studied for its efficacy in treating high-prevalence diseases such as the immune system, liver, and lumpy skin disease. Licorice root extract is often used to treat acne and eczema due to its ability to reduce redness, swelling, and irritation. In one study conducted over two weeks, licorice extract was found to have a positive effect on black molly fish when used as a skin-whitening agent. For the treatment of lumpy skin disease in livestock animals, licorice can help reduce the physical symptoms associated with the virus such as ulcerations and scarring. This herbal remedy should always be administered under the guidance of an experienced veterinarian or healthcare practitioner.

Calendula officinalis

Calendula officinalis, commonly known as Marigold, is an herb with a long history of use in herbal medicine. It has been used to soothe inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes in disorders such as varicose veins, hemorrhoids, and lumpy skin disease. It has been found to have strong antibacterial properties which can help fight infection and reduce inflammation. Calendula can be taken orally or applied topically in the form of an oil or cream for treating skin conditions. Marigold extract is also available in supplement form. When used properly, this powerful herb can provide relief from many common skin issues and help promote overall health.

Echinacea purpurea

Echinacea purpurea is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family that is native to North America. It has been used for centuries as a medicinal herb for its antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and immune-stimulating properties. The plant is characterized by its purple flowers and cone-shaped center. The leaves are lanceolate or oval shaped and range from deep green to grayish green in color. Echinacea purpurea has been used to treat various ailments ranging from colds and flu to skin conditions such as psoriasis and acne. It may also help reduce inflammation and boost the immune system, helping protect against infections. Studies have also shown that it can be used as an anti-cancer agent, although more research is needed in this area. Echinacea purpurea can be taken as a supplement in capsule form or brewed into a tea for drinking.

Hypericum perforatum

Hypericum perforatum, more commonly known as St. John’s Wort, is a flowering plant which has been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments. It is an herb with powerful medicinal properties, and has been found to be effective in treating depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues. The active ingredient in Hypericum perforatum is hyperforin, which acts on the nervous system to produce antidepressant effects. Research also suggests that the plant may have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, making it helpful in treating skin issues such as eczema and psoriasis. Additionally, Hypericum perforatum has been shown to be beneficial in treating viral infections like hepatitis C as well as various digestive problems like ulcers and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In veterinary medicine it is often used to treat lumpy skin disease in animals. Hypericum perforatum is available in many forms including capsules, tinctures and tea; it can also be applied topically for skin conditions such as wounds or mild irritation.

The Spanish taps

The Spanish taps is a traditional way of harvesting water in Spain. This centuries-old method involves tapping into the natural resources, including springs, streams and rivers. The taps are placed on the side of the riverbanks and connected to a collection system. The water is then channeled through channels to fill reservoirs or irrigation canals. This method has been used for centuries in Spain and is still used today by many people living in rural areas.

The Spanish taps provide an alternative source of clean drinking water for those who may not have access to municipal sources due to their remote location or financial limitations. It also helps conserve water as it is collected directly from the source and stored in reservoirs. This method also reduces waste since it does not require any electricity or power sources to operate.

The Spanish tap system has been proven to be very reliable over time, providing clean drinking water that can easily be accessed by anyone with access to these systems. The use of these taps also helps reduce pollution as no chemicals are added in order to purify the water before it enters homes or businesses. Additionally, this system helps conserve energy since no pumps are needed, reducing energy costs for those who rely on them for their daily needs.

Aloe vera

Aloe vera is a succulent plant that is native to the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It has been used for centuries as a natural remedy due to its many benefits. The gel found in the leaves of an aloe vera plant contains vitamins, minerals, amino acids and antioxidants that can help soothe skin irritations, reduce inflammation, speed up wound healing and even improve digestive health. Aloe vera is also known to be antifungal, antiviral, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory – making it a powerful medicinal plant with multiple uses. In addition to its medicinal properties, aloe vera can also be used as an ingredient in beauty products such as moisturizers, sunscreens and hair care products. It can be consumed orally or applied topically for maximum benefit. Aloe vera has truly earned its reputation as a miracle plant – with endless possibilities for improving your health!

 Astragalus membranaceus

Astragalus membranaceus, also known as Huang qi, is a flowering herb commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine. It’s known for its many health benefits and is thought to help improve overall health and well-being. Astragalus has been used for centuries to treat various ailments such as colds, flu, fatigue, anemia, cancer and much more. The active components of Astragalus are polysaccharides which have anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting effects on the body. Studies have also found that Astragalus may be beneficial in treating skin diseases like photodermatitis and lumpy skin disease. It has also been used to help improve energy levels, reduce fatigue, enhance digestion and boost the body’s natural defences against infections. Astragalus can be taken orally or applied topically to the affected area of skin when treating skin diseases.


In conclusion, Lumpy Skin Disease (LSDV) is a contagious virus that affects cattle and causes huge economic losses in the affected areas. It is transmitted by arthropods such as mosquitoes or by direct contact with infected animals. Clinical signs of this disease can include skin nodules, fever, loss of appetite and emaciation. Diagnosis of LSDV can be done using PCR test or serological tests like ELISA test. Treatment includes mass vaccination of cattle in affected areas, strict regulation of imported animals and animal products from countries where the virus is present, and the use of herbal treatments composed of Haldi, Impel Folliculitis, Cellulitis and Lyme Disease to help reduce symptoms.

Nili Ravi Buffalo in Pakistan

Nili Ravi Buffalo in Pakistan

Have you heard of the Nili Ravi buffalo? This breed of water buffalo is one of the most sought after in Pakistan, and for good reason. Here, we’ll take a look at what makes this breed so special and why it’s become such an important part of the Pakistani farming industry.

Introduction to the Nili Ravi Buffalo

The Nili Ravi buffalo is a breed of domestic water buffalo native to Punjab, India and Pakistan. It is known for its hardiness and adaptability, as well as its exceptional milk production. The Nili Ravi is considered the best dairy animal in the region, and it produces a higher yield of milk with lower fat content than other breeds. They are also popular for their strength and docility, so they are often used for ploughing, transportation and other agricultural work. The Nili Ravi buffalo has a solid black or dark brown coat with white markings on the forehead, muzzle and legs.

The home tract of the Nili-Ravi buffalo includes Lahore, Sheikhupura, Faisalabad, Okara, Sahiwal, Pakpattan and Vehari districts of Central Punjab. Crossbreeding between these buffaloes has been done to improve their productivity; however some conservation efforts are being made to preserve pure breed lines. Genetic studies have been conducted on three different breeds to identify markers that can be used in breeding programmes.

Milk yields vary according to herd size, seasonality and lactation length; however overall yields remain high compared to other breeds due to their hardy nature. In order to maximize productivity from this breed it is important that farmers provide good nutrition and health care for their animals throughout their lifetime.

History of the Nili Ravi Buffalo

The Nili Ravi buffalo is a breed of domestic water buffalo that originated in the Indus River Valley civilizations of India and Pakistan. It is known for its high milk yield, hardiness, and fertility. The Nili and Ravi breeds were recognized as separate until the merging of the two was accepted in the form of Nili-Ravi breed in the 1960s.

The body color of these buffaloes is usually black but brown is not uncommon. They are distributed principally across Pakistan and India, concentrated in the Satluj river basin on either side of India-Pakistan border.

A genomic study was conducted to identify genetic variability within this breed using 25 random 10-mer primers to distinguish between Nili, Ravi and Nile-Ravi buffaloes. Effects of herd size, age, season, lactation length on milk yield and reproductive efficiency were also studied for this breed. In recent years crossbreeding with other buffaloes has also been observed in order to improve milk production as well as conservation efforts related to this endangered species which faces threat due to loss of habitat caused by climate change and human activities such as overgrazing or overstocking pastures.

Characteristics of the Nili Ravi Buffalo

The Nili-Ravi is a breed of domestic water buffalo that is primarily found in Pakistan and India. These buffaloes usually have an all-black coat with white markings on their forehead, face, muzzle, legs, and tail. They are characterized by their wedge shaped body, small curly horns, and wall eyes.

Nili-Ravi buffaloes are known to produce large quantities of milk; the average lactation yield being 2,020.04 kgs per buffalo. Studies have also revealed that this breed has high heritability estimates for production traits such as milk yield and body measurements.

Originating near the Sutlej River in India and Ravi River in Pakistan, the Nili-Ravi breed is considered one of the most important dairy buffalo breeds in Asia today. It is not only prized for its hardy nature but also its ability to thrive in diverse climates and adapt easily to local agricultural practices.

Uses of the Nili Ravi Buffalo

The Nili Ravi buffalo is a popular breed of dairy buffalo found in Pakistan. It is known for its high milk production, making it an ideal choice for dairy farmers. The Nili Ravi buffalo has a black body with white spots on its forehead and the tip of its tail. The breed dates back to the Indus River, and is native to Mintgumri in Pakistan and Faisalabad in Punjab.

This breed of buffalo can be used for many purposes, but it primarily used for milk production. Its large size makes it an excellent source of protein-rich milk which can be used in various ways including drinking, making yogurt or cheese, or even used as fertilizer for crops. Additionally, this breed is also highly sought after by meat producers as it produces delicious meat with a high fat content.

Genetic markers have been developed to identify the Nili Ravi Buffalo’s DNA polymorphisms from different regions of the genome which allow researchers to more accurately assess traits related to productivity and reproductive efficiency. Studies have shown that herd size, year, age, season and lactation length all affect the yield and reproductive efficiency of the Nili Ravi Buffalo.

Overall, the Nili Ravi Buffalo is an excellent choice for those looking to increase their dairy production or obtain delicious meat products from this robust animal. With its high milk yield capacity and ability to reproduce efficiently due to genetic markers, the Nili Ravi Buffalos are sure to bring success to any farm or business that utilizes them properly!

Breeding and Reproduction of the Nili Ravi Buffalo

The Nili-Ravi breed of buffalo is a river type of domestic buffalo, and is among the highest milk producing breeds of buffalo. It was born on March 5th, 1974 at Livestock Experiment Station Bahadarnagar in Pakistan.

A longitudinal study was conducted to evaluate the production and reproductive performance of this breed on smallholder dairy farms in the region. Data from 197 breeding records of 60 indigenous (Non-descript) cows were analyzed with regression techniques, with an average lactation milk yield of 2,020.04.

It has been found that herd, year, age, season and lactation length have an effect on milk yield and reproductive efficiency for this breed. The partitioning of the breeding tract between India and Pakistan has also had an impact on its reproduction performance.

Overall, the Nili-Ravi buffalo is a hardy breed that produces high yields of milk and is well suited to smallholder dairy farms in both India and Pakistan. With good management practices in place it can be a reliable source of income for those involved in livestock keeping activities in these regions.

Milk Production by the Nili Ravi Buffalo

The Nili Ravi buffalo is native to Mintgumri in Pakistan and Ferozpur in Punjab. It has a black body with cat eyes, a white spot on its forehead, and a tip of the tail that is white. This breed of buffalo produces milk with an average yield of 1800-2500 litres per lactation during a 322 day period, with 6.5% butter fat content.

Studies have been conducted to determine the effects of herd, year, age, season, and lactation length on milk production and reproductive efficiency for the Nili-Ravi breed of buffalo. Monthly fat tests were used to estimate environmental effects for 895 lactations of Nili-Ravi buffaloes in the Livestock Production Research Institute herd. Results indicated that milk production by buffaloes of Nili-Ravi and Kundhi breeds was 2889 liters and 2375 liters per annum respectively. The total cost of milk production also varies depending on these factors.

Overall, the Nili Ravi Buffalo is an important source for dairy products in Pakistan due to its high milk yield and butterfat content as well as its affordability compared to other breeds.

Meat Quality Produced by the Nili Ravi Buffalo

The Nili Ravi Buffalo is a popular breed of buffalo found in Pakistan, known for its high milk production. Not only are these buffaloes great producers of milk, but they also produce excellent quality meat which is much sought after. The majority of these buffaloes are reared on small farms with holdings of less than five hectares. Studies have shown that the Nili Ravi Buffalo produces better expression of carcass traits and more beef than the Kundhi Buffalo, while the latter is better in terms of beef production.

The Government Livestock Farms in Punjab have been recording the milk production potential of individual Nili-Ravi Buffaloes since long, indicating their extraordinary productivity. On an average, each Nili-Ravi Buffalo can produce over 28 litres per day – making them one of the highest milk producing breeds globally. Not just dairy, these buffaloes are also known for their superior meat quality and carcass traits, with studies indicating that they produce more beef than Kundhi Buffaloes. They are native to the region along the Sutlej River between India and Pakistan and are highly sought after across South Asia for both dairy and meat production.

In conclusion, it can be said that Nili Ravi Buffaloes produce top-notch quality meat with superior expression of carcass traits as compared to other breeds such as Kundhi Buffaloes. These animals have been a part and parcel of rural life in South Asia for centuries now due to their high productivity levels when it comes to dairy products as well as meat.

Distribution and Population in Pakistan

The Nili-Ravi water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is the most important dairy animal in Pakistan, contributing 68% to the country’s total milk production. This breed of domestic water buffalo is distributed mainly in Pakistan and India, with a large concentration in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. The population of buffaloes in Pakistan is estimated to be 41.2 million, with 65% present in Punjab. Population trend for this breed is positive and shows an increase since 2006 when it was included in the livestock census.

The main areas where Nili-Ravi water buffaloes are found are Lahore, Sheikhupura, Montgomery district (both in Pakistan) and Ferozepur district (India). Typical specimens can still be found in rural areas across the province. The current population of farm animals in Pakistan consists of 23.34 million buffaloes, 22.42 million cattle, 24.24 million sheep, 49.14 million goats and 0.77 million horses respectively. Herd life and causes of culling for these animals are also being studied to ensure their well-being and sustainability over time.

Conservation Efforts for the Nili Ravi Buffalo

The Nili Ravi buffalo is a unique, indigenous breed of water buffalo found in the Punjab region of Pakistan. It is known for its hardiness and resistance to disease, and has long been prized by farmers for its high-yielding milk production. In recent years, conservation efforts have been made to protect this valuable resource and ensure it remains part of the agricultural landscape in Pakistan.

In order to promote breeding and genetic improvement of the Nili Ravi buffalo, crossbreeding with other indigenous or exotic breeds has been undertaken in India. This has resulted in improved fertility and higher milk yields compared to purebred Nili Ravi buffaloes. In addition, genetic improvement programs have been launched across various parts of Pakistan which focus on selecting superior animals for breeding purposes.

Conservation efforts are also being made to protect the Nile River, which is home to the Nili Ravi breed. The river’s flow rate has increased due to increasing irrigation demands from farms along its banks, leading to higher temperatures which can stress out buffaloes during hot summer months. To mitigate this issue, sprinkler systems have been installed at certain locations along the riverbanks as part of an effort to cool down water buffaloes during hot weather periods.

Finally, research studies have also been conducted on semen quality and longevity from Nili Ravi buffaloes kept in different institutional herds across Pakistan. This research is aimed at ensuring good quality semen samples are available for artificial insemination purposes as well as preserving genetic diversity among these animals which will help maintain their population numbers over time.

Overall, conservation efforts for the Nili Ravi buffalo are ongoing with various initiatives being implemented both inside and outside Pakistan that

Challenges Facing The Conservation Of The NiliRaviBuffalo

The Nili-Ravi breed of buffalo is an incredibly valuable animal genetic resource in Pakistan, and is a main component of the dairy industry. Unfortunately, it is facing several challenges to its conservation. The increasing demand for water from irrigation sprinklers has resulted in the scarcity of groundwater, which is essential for the survival and reproduction of this breed. Additionally, the effects of herd size, age, seasonality, and lactation length on milk yield and reproductive efficiency have been observed to be significant. Furthermore, crossbreeding with other breeds such as Murrah has led to a decrease in native Nili-Ravi populations. In order to protect this breed from extinction, a systematic survey was conducted in Ferozepur, Amritsar and Gurdaspur districts of Punjab to track their population numbers. In 1985 Buffalo Breeding Farm was established in Bagherhat where production and distribution of Nili-Ravi bulls among farmers took place. It is clear that these efforts are necessary in order to conserve this unique animal genetic resource for future generations through sustainable utilization.

Future Prospects For TheNiliravibuffalo

The Nili-Ravi buffalo is a breed of water buffalo native to Pakistan and highly valued for its milk production potential. In recent years, the breed has seen increasing use as a dairy animal in many parts of the world. While the breed is well-known for its high milk production, it has also been subject to certain reproductive issues that have hindered its further development. Despite these issues, there are still great prospects for the future of Nili-Ravi buffalo farming and production.

To ensure that this potential is fully realized, producers must take steps to address reproductive problems such as low fertility rates and short lactation periods. Through improved management techniques such as proper nutrition, environmental control and genetic selection, it is possible to increase fertility rates and enhance milk production capabilities in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Additionally, programs like progeny testing can identify superior individuals with desirable traits which can be used to create better breeding stock for future generations.

Furthermore, research into optimal calving intervals can help optimize milk yields from Nili-Ravis while also allowing producers to maximize their profits from the sale of calves and other byproducts such as hides and meat. This research could also lead to further advancements in dairy husbandry practices which could benefit all breeds of dairy animals across Pakistan.

In conclusion, while certain challenges exist in terms of reproductive efficiency among Nili-Ravi buffaloes, there is still great potential for improving milk yields through improved management techniques and selective breeding programs. With the right support from producers, researchers and policy makers alike this potential could be fully realized in order to benefit Pakistani farmers and consumers alike.

Recommendations For Increasing Population Numbers Of TheNiliravibuffalo

Increasing the population of Nili-Ravi buffaloes is essential for the sustainable development of Pakistan’s dairy industry. The Nili-Ravi buffalo is the best dairy animal in Pakistan, contributing 68% to total milk production. To increase the population numbers, a number of measures need to be taken. Firstly, there should be an improvement in herd management practices such as calving season, weight loss after calving, nutritional status and management. Secondly, effective disease control strategies should be implemented to prevent and manage diseases such as mastitis and foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). Thirdly, genetic selection programs should be used to improve fertility rates and milk fat percentage in order to increase productivity. Finally, carriers of FMD should be identified through testing and culled from breeding herds so that they can no longer spread the disease. By taking these steps it is possible to increase the population numbers of the Nili-Ravi buffalo in Pakistan and ensure its sustainable future in this region.


The study concluded that herd, year, age, season and lactation length have a significant effect on the milk yield of Nili-Ravi buffalo in Pakistan. It was found that the reproductive efficiency of Nili-Ravi buffalo is lower than potential. Moreover, it was also revealed that there is a need for supplementary fat to improve human nutrition in areas where starchy foods are highly depended upon. Lastly, it was highlighted that movement of Nili-Ravi germplasm outside the Indian subcontinent is needed to increase the productivity and profitability of these animals.

Merino Sheep Farming

Merino Sheep Farming

If you’re looking to enter the world of sheep farming, look no further than merino sheep. Merinos are known for their thick and luxurious wool, making them a popular choice for both hobbyists and commercial farmers alike. In this blog post, we’ll explore the basics of merino sheep farming and how you can get started today.

History of Merino Sheep

The Merino is a breed of domestic sheep that is known for its very fine, soft wool. It was first established in Spain during the Middle Ages, where its wealth was based on the Merino’s fine-wooled fleece. In 1797, these sheep were introduced to Australia and their wool quickly became the country’s major export. Small farmers began cross-breeding these sheep in the 1840s to improve their meat production and resistance to footrot. Continue Reading

Janwaron Mein Afzaish e Nasal

Janwaron Main Afzaish e Nasal in Pakistan

Janwaron Mein Afzaish e Nasal Urdu/ Breeding Management of Cattle you will find the way how breeding is beneficial for your business

جانوروں میں افزائش نسل

  1. افزائش نسل کے مقاصد

  2.  افزائش نسل میں بہتری کیوں ضروری ہے؟ 

  3. محدود ملاپ کے نقصانات

  4.  سانڈ کا انتخاب

  5.  مصنوعی نسل کشی/ مصنوعی تخم ریزی

  6.  مصنوعی نسل کشی کے فوائد 

  7. سیمین کا انتخاب

  8.  مصنوعی نسل کشی کے معاشی اثرات

  9.  چھ سال بعد دس گائیوں پر منحصر فارم پر افزائش نسل کے معاشی اثرات

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