Cholistani Cow Characteristics

Are you looking for a cow that is both hardy and attractive? Do you want a breed that can adapt to different climates? If so, then the Cholistani Cow may be just what you need! This blog post will discuss the characteristics of the Cholistani Cow and why it may be an ideal choice for your needs.

Introduction to the Cholistani Cow

The Cholistani cow is an indigenous cattle breed native to the Cholistan desert in Pakistan. This hardy breed is large and flabby, with a distinctive hump on their backs. They are usually either white with brown or black spots, or vice versa. The Cholistani cow is a multi-purpose animal that can be used for both milk and meat production, as well as for draft power.

This hardworking breed has been an important source of livelihood for rural communities in the Cholistan region for centuries. In 2006, there were estimated to be 1209528 livestock animals in the area, with 47 percent of these being cattle – largely attributed to the popularity of the Cholistani breed. It is thought to be an ancestor of the Sahiwal breed and has been identified by factor analysis as being medium-sized and having good protein efficiencies when it comes to fattening calves.

Overall, the Cholistani cow is a resilient and reliable animal that has proven its worth over many generations in this arid region of Pakistan. Not only does it provide milk and meat products but also draft power that can be used for transport and cultivation purposes – making it an invaluable asset to any farming operation or rural village.

Physical Characteristics

Cholistani cattle are large-sized, flabby animals with small horns and ears. They are a multi-purpose breed, used for both meat and milk production as well as draught work. Of all livestock, Cholistani cattle have one of the highest shares in terms of milk and meat production. They are Zebu or Bos indicus and have thermo-tolerance as well as tick resistance. Preliminary data on some productive and reproductive traits of Cholistani cows show that their average milk yield is 1029.68 ± 44.35 kg per lactation period, with a lactation length of 209.47 ± 11.14 days and a dry period of 237.87 ± 20.98 days. Ultimately, Cholistani cattle offer great potential for both milk production and draught work, making them an excellent choice for farmers in the area!

Adaptability and Heat Tolerance

Cholistani cattle are known for their adaptability and heat tolerance, making them a popular choice for farmers in hot climates. These cows are ancestors of the Sahiwal, which is a thermo-tolerant and tick-resistant breed. Studies have shown that Cholistani service bulls maintain most of their haematochemical parameters even in extreme heat environments. Additionally, molecular evolutionary genetic analyses suggest that the divergent origin of dwarf cattle was adaptive in response to heat stress.

Performance traits of Sahiwal cattle have been studied extensively in hot climates and it has been found that they are more tolerant to heat than other breeds such as Achai. Crossbred cows also respond better to thermal stress due to extreme changes in temperature than UCT.

The adaptability and heat tolerance of Cholistani cows make them an ideal option for farmers looking to produce high quality milk or meat in hot climates. The government, veterinarians and researchers should continue providing support to these cows so they can reach their full potential.

Milk Production

The Cholistani is a Zebu breed of cattle primarily used in dairy production. Originating from the Cholistan Desert area, this resilient breed is thermo-tolerant, tick-resistant and multi-purpose. Elite specimens of the breed can produce up to 15-18 liters of milk per day on average. On average, a Cholistani cow can produce around 1,500 to 1,800 kilograms (3,300 to 4,000 pounds) of milk over a lactation period of 210 days. Data on 18 biometric traits of 325 lactating Cholistani cows have revealed an average milk yield of 1029.68 kg with a standard deviation 44.35 kg over the period 2005 to 2009. Not only are these cows used for milk production but they are also utilized as draft animals and for meat purposes.

Meat Quality

Cholistani cattle are known for their quality meat. This is due to their thermo-tolerant and tick-resistant nature, which makes them ideal for raising in hot climates. They also have large sized flabby bodies with a distinctive hump on the back that is larger than most other breeds. Studies have shown that male calves from this breed can be used as a good source of quality beef. The average of these traits indicated that Cholistani cows breed are of medium type and have reddish brown coats with white patches being the most common color pattern, along with black. All these characteristics make Cholistani cattle an ideal choice when it comes to producing high-quality meat.

Calving Ease and Fertility Rate

Calving ease and fertility rate are important traits to consider when selecting cattle. Cholistani cows, a breed originating in Pakistan, are known for their calving ease and fertility rate. The genetic analysis revealed that there was appreciable additive genetic variance in production traits of Cholistani cattle indicating substantial scope for improvement. Studies have shown calf sex had a significant influence on survival rates, with the mean birth weight for all calves being 19.13 ± 0.06Kg. In addition, factors such as scrotal circumference in males and age at first heat or first calving in females can impact calving ease and fertility rates. Research has also found that cows with a poorer milking temperament at the time of their first calving tend to have difficulty during this process compared to cows with higher milking temperaments. When considering reproductive traits of Dhofari cow breeds, the average values for age at maturity, age at first calving, gestation period and calving interval were 1112, 1390, 278 and 480 days respectively. While these values may be larger than other breeds of cattle, Cholistani cattle are still considered easy to calve due to their smaller size compared to other breeds.

Disease Resistance and Immunity Level

The Cholistani breed of cattle is renowned for its remarkable resistance to disease and heat, as well as its tolerance to ticks and other environmental factors. This breed is known for having high immunity levels and a strong resistance to infectious diseases, nutritional stress, heat stress, and climate change. Studies have found that the prevalence of disease in the Cholistani breed is significantly lower than other breeds, with 51.6% showing signs of resistance. The breed’s genetic makeup has been studied in order to identify genes associated with immune response and disease associations. Additionally, research has focused on the animal level body characteristics such as size, ears, tail length that may affect disease resistance. Nutritional management has also been found to play an important role in improving immune response as well as metabolic health in this breed of cattle. Overall, the Cholistani breed demonstrate remarkable tolerance to extreme weather conditions while being resistant to tick-borne diseases and providing high levels of immunity against common diseases.

Temperament and Behavior

Cholistani cows are a breed of Zebu or Bos indicus cattle found in the Cholistan desert in Bahawalpur, Pakistan. They are usually speckled red, brown, and white. This breed is known for its distinctive large hump on its back which is larger than that of other breeds like the Dhanni.

The temperaments and behaviors of this breed have been studied extensively by Elrabie et al., 2009 who observed that Cholistani cows have body sizes medium than Dhanni cows with pendulous ears, long tail similar to other Zebu breeds. Additionally, they also found that acclimating B. indicus × B. taurus or B. taurus heifers to human handling improved behavioral expression of temperament and hastened puberty attainment.

Some farmers mentioned that the “strong” temperament of this breed can be an advantage for survival, specifically to protect offspring from predators while others highlighted the average values for productive traits such as lactation length, lactation yield, calving interval and age at first calving etc (Elrabie et al., 2009). For dairy breeds, likeability would consider milk production, temperament and resistance to disease while in beef breeds it would include calving ease, birth weight and feed efficiency etc (By 1974).

Lifespan of Cholistani Cows

Cholistani cows are a unique breed that is known for its long lifespan, heat tolerance and tick-resistance. These hardy animals have been around since ancient times, with archaeological evidence suggesting their origin dates back to the Indus Valley civilization. The average lifespan of Cholistani cows ranges from 15-20 years depending on their diet and care. They are noted for producing high quality milk and are also renowned for being exceptionally productive in terms of longevity and productivity life. On average, Cholistani cows produce 2270kg of milk during a lactation period, while their body size and proportions reach maturity by two years of age. Moreover, factors such as the size of the hump on its back (which is larger than any other breed) make this particular cow breed distinct from others. All in all, with proper diet and care Cholistani cows can live up to 20 years or more!

Feed Requirements of the Cholistani Cow

Cholistani cows are a breed of cattle found in the Cholistan Desert area of Pakistan and India. They are Zebu or Bos indicus cattle, a species known for their hardiness and resistance to harsh conditions. The Cholistani is a multi-purpose breed, being used for both meat and milk production as well as draft work. Their typical milk yield is 15–18 litres per day. To ensure optimal performance of these animals, they must be provided with adequate nutrition and feeding resources, such as natural range lands or fattening rations. A study conducted on 325 lactating Cholistani cows revealed that 18 biometric traits can be used to explain their performance under different dietary regimes. In addition to this, there have been several initiatives by the Government of Pakistan to preserve this important dairy cattle breed at Jugaitpir Farm in Punjab province. Therefore, providing the right feed resources to Cholistani cows is essential for maintaining their health and productivity.

Uses for the Cholistani Cow

Cholistani cows are a breed of cattle found in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India. They are popular for their dairy production, as their milk is prized for its high quality. Cholistani cows are also known to be thermotolerant and resistant to tick infestations. Preliminary data suggests that Cholistani cows can produce an average of 1029.68kgs of milk in one lactation cycle, with a lactation length of 209.47 days and a dry period of 237.87 days. These traits make them ideal for dairy production, as they can withstand hot climates while still producing more milk than other breeds. Furthermore, genetic testing has revealed useful biological indicators which can be used to assess heat stress tolerance in Cholistani cattle, making them invaluable to farmers in hotter climates.

Cost of a Cholistani Cow

The cost of a Cholistani cow varies based on the breed, quality, and availability. Generally, Cholistani cows are a type of Zebu or Bos indicus cattle that is used mostly for dairy production. This breed originated from the Cholistan Desert area in Pakistan and India and is known for being thermo-tolerant and tick-resistant. High quality specimens can yield up to 18 liters of milk per day.

The average cost for a Cholistani cow depends on factors such as age, gender, size, health condition, and other traits that can be evaluated through factor analysis with promax rotation. In addition to this, the government of Pakistan has set up nucleus herds/flocks of Cholistani cattle and sheep in order to study their genetics for use in large scale breeding projects.

In general, the price range for a Cholistani cow starts at $200 and goes up depending on quality and availability. Prices may also vary depending on where you purchase them from as well as any additional fees that may apply. It is important to note that due to climate change effects such as heat stress on animals, it is important to consider other factors such as oxidative stress when evaluating the cost of these animals before making any purchases.

How to Care for a Cholistani Cow

Caring for a Cholistani cow is an important task if you want to maximize milk production, as well as ensure the health and happiness of your animal. Here are some tips on how to properly care for this breed:

1. Provide plenty of space and exercise – Cholistani cows are very active animals that need plenty of space to roam, graze, and exercise. Make sure your animal has enough land to move around freely in order to keep them healthy and productive.

2. Give plenty of fresh food and water – Cholistani cows require a high-quality diet for optimal milk production and health. Feed your cow fresh grasses or hay, nutritious grains, legumes, minerals, vitamins and other feed supplements as needed. Make sure they always have access to clean water too!

3. Monitor their health regularly – Keep an eye on your cow’s health by routinely checking its temperature, weight, coat condition, eyesight etc., looking out for any signs of illness or injury. Seek veterinary help immediately if needed.

4. Take preventative measures against disease – Vaccinate your cow regularly against common illnesses such as Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) or Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD). In addition to vaccinations, practice good hygiene and sanitation standards in the barns/pens where your animals live in order to reduce risk of disease transmission among them or even from other sources such as rodents or wild birds/insects outside the facility etc.,

5. Provide a comfortable shelter – Cholistani cows need shelter from extreme weather conditions such as heat or cold temperatures; rain; snow; wind etc., Ensure that

Breeding Options for the Cholistani Cow

Breeding options for the Cholistani cow are available to meet the needs of a wide variety of agricultural and livestock production operations. This multi-purpose breed is used for both meat and milk, as well as for draft animal purposes. Cholistanis are Zebu or Bos indicus cattle, typically of medium size. Factor analysis with promax rotation has identified four key traits that define the breed: small horns, good milk production, inhabiting the Cholistan desert area, and being descended from nomads. Elite specimens have been known to produce 15-18L of milk per day when maintained in proper conditions. Today, Cholistani cows make up approximately 47% of Pakistan’s total livestock population. Breeding options are available to help farmers create productive herds that can meet their individual needs and goals while maintaining the unique characteristics of this valuable breed.


The Cholistani cattle is an important dual-purpose breed originating from the Cholistan desert in Pakistan and India. It is a thermo-tolerant, tick-resistant breed with dairy potential and water tolerance. This breed has been found to have substantial scope for genetic improvement in production traits. Studies have revealed that the animals are of medium size, with large flabby bodies and good milk producing ability. Factor analysis revealed 4 factors which had significant contribution in determining their productivity. Thus, the Cholistani cattle are an important source of food security and economic development for local producers.

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